http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com
1887

Design of odd nth-order elliptic high-pass filters employing OTRAs

Design of odd nth-order elliptic high-pass filters employing OTRAs

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
£12.50
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for £75.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Name:*
Email:*
Your details
Name:*
Email:*
Department:*
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
 
 
 
 
 
IET Circuits, Devices & Systems — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

Two new analytical synthesis methods are proposed for synthesising an nth odd-order elliptic high-pass (HP) filter using operational trans-resistance amplifiers (OTRAs). The analytical synthesis scheme is based on the assumption of infinite trans-resistance R m for the OTRA. The H-spice simulations of the realised elliptic third-order HP filters show that the realisation using less number of OTRAs has a performance better than that which uses more number of OTRAs, as is to be expected in view of the assumption that R m is infinite, when in fact it is finite in practice. However, it is shown that by slightly adjusting a single resistor, the amplitude–frequency response can be made close to the theoretical response.

References

    1. 1)
      • 1. Chang, C.M., Swamy, M.N.S.: ‘Analytical synthesis and comparison of voltage-mode nth-order OTA-C universal filter structures’, Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl., 2012, 40, (5), pp. 421454.
    2. 2)
      • 2. Tu, S.H., Chang, C.M., Ross, N. J., et al: ‘Analytical synthesis of current-mode high-order single-ended-input OTA and equal-capacitor elliptic filter structures with the minimum number of components’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-I, 2007, 54, (10), pp. 21952210.
    3. 3)
      • 3. Chen, J.J., Tsao, H.W., Chen, C.C.: ‘Operational trans-resistance amplifier using CMOS technology’, Electron. Lett., 1992, 28, (22), pp. 20872088.
    4. 4)
      • 4. Chen, J.J., Tsao, H.W., Liu, S.I., et al: ‘Parasitic-capacitance-insensitive current-mode filter using operational trans-resistance amplifiers’, IEE Proc. Circuits Devices Syst., 1995, 142, (3), pp. 186192.
    5. 5)
      • 5. Salama, K.N., Soliman, A.M.: ‘CMOS operational trans-resistance amplifier for analogue signal processing’, Microelectron. J., 1999, 30, pp. 235245.
    6. 6)
      • 6. Mostafa, H., Soliman, A.M.: ‘A modified CMOS realization of the operational trans-resistance amplifier (OTRA)’, Frequenz, 2006, 60, (3–4), pp. 7076.
    7. 7)
      • 7. Kafrawy, A.K., Soliman, A.M.: ‘A modified CMOS differential operational trans-resistance amplifier (OTRA)’, Int. J. Electron. Commun., 2009, 63, pp. 10671071.
    8. 8)
      • 8. Mittal, S., Kapur, G., Markan, C.M., et al: ‘Analog field programmable CMOS operational transresistance amplifier (OTRA)’. Students Conf. on Engineering and Systems (SCES), Allahabad, India, 2013, pp. 16.
    9. 9)
      • 9. Lo, Y.K., Chien, H.C., Chiu, H.J.: ‘Current-input OTRA Schmitt trigger with dual hysteresis modes’, Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl., 2010, 38, (9), pp. 739746.
    10. 10)
      • 10. Ranjan, R., Pandey, R., Pandey, N., et al: ‘Linear phase detector using OTRA’. 2nd Int. Conf. on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN), 2015, pp. 917920.
    11. 11)
      • 11. Singh, A., Trivedi, K., Agrawal, M., et al: ‘Improved OTRA based receiver section in wireless Laser communication link’. 18th Asia-Pacific Conf. on Communications (APCC), 2012, pp. 713715.
    12. 12)
      • 12. Goel, A., Pandey, R., Pandey, N., et al: ‘Operational trans-resistance amplifier based low-voltage reference’. IEEE Int. Conf. on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), 2016, pp. 15.
    13. 13)
      • 13. Chiu, W.W., Jsay, J.H., Liu, S.I., et al: ‘Single-capacitor MOSFET-C integrator using OTRA’, Electron. Lett., 1995, 31, (21), pp. 17961797.
    14. 14)
      • 14. Kacar, F., Cam, U., Cicekoglu, O., et al: ‘New parallel immitance simulator realizations employing a single OTRA’. Midwest Symp. on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), 2002, vol. 1, Issue I, pp. 303306.
    15. 15)
      • 15. Pandey, R., Pandey, N., Paul, S.K., et al: ‘Novel grounded inductance simulator using single OTRA’, Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl., 2014, 42, (10), pp. 10691079.
    16. 16)
      • 16. Nagar, C., Paul, S.K.: ‘Negative inductance simulator using OTRA’. Int. Conf. on Microelectronics, Computing and Communications (Micro-Com), 2016, pp. 13.
    17. 17)
      • 17. Salama, K.N., Soliman, A.M.: ‘Novel oscillators using the operational trans-resistance amplifier’, Microelectron. J., 2000, 31, pp. 3947.
    18. 18)
      • 18. Hou, C.L., Chang, C.M., Horng, J.W.: ‘A quadrature oscillator employing the dominant Poles of the OTRAs’, J. Adv. Eng., 2007, 2, (3), pp. 185187.
    19. 19)
      • 19. Pandey, R., Bothra, M.: ‘Multiphase sinusoidal oscillators using operational trans-resistance amplifier’, IEEE Symp. Ind. Electron. Appl., 2009, 1, pp. 371376.
    20. 20)
      • 20. Chandra Shaker Pittala, C.K., Avireni Srinivasulu, A.: ‘Two simple sinusoidal oscillators using single operational trans-resistance amplifier’. Int. Conf. on Signal Processing, Communication and Networking (ICSCN), 2015, pp. 15.
    21. 21)
      • 21. Torteanchai, U., Phatsornsiri, P., Kumngern, M.: ‘Quadrature oscillator using operational transresistance amplifiers’. Int. Conf. on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation (ISMS), 2016, pp. 403406.
    22. 22)
      • 22. Said, L.A., Madian, A.H., Radwan, A.G., et al: ‘Fractional order oscillator with independent control of phase and frequency’. Int. Conf. on Electronic Design (ICED), 2014, pp. 224229.
    23. 23)
      • 23. Hou, C.L., Chien, H.C., Lo, Y.K.: ‘Square-wave generators employing OTRAs’, IEE Proc. Circuits, Devices Syst., 2005, 152, (6), pp. 718722.
    24. 24)
      • 24. Lo, Y.K., Chien, H.C.: ‘Switch-controllable OTRA-based square/triangular waveform generator’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Express Briefs, 2007, 54, (12), pp. 11101114.
    25. 25)
      • 25. Lo, Y.K., Chien, H.C.: ‘Current-mode mono-stable multi-vibrators using OTRAs’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Express Brief, 2006, 53, (11), pp. 12741278.
    26. 26)
      • 26. Lo, Y.K., Chien, H.C.: ‘Single OTRA-based current-mode mono-stable multi-vibrators with two triggering modes and a reduced recovery time’, IET Circuits Devices Syst., 2007, 1, (3), pp. 257261.
    27. 27)
      • 27. Rajput, D.S., Singh, R.: ‘Timer circuit using OTRA and its application as a-stable and mono-stable multi-vibrator’. 2nd Int. Conf. on Electronics and Communication Systems (ICECS), 2015, pp. 10471105.
    28. 28)
      • 28. Lo, Y.K., Chien, H.C., Chiu, H.J.: ‘Switch-controllable OTRA-based bi-stable multi-vibrators’, IET Circuits Devices Syst., 2008, 2, (4), pp. 373382.
    29. 29)
      • 29. Cam, U., Cakir, C., Cicekoglu, O.: ‘Novel transimpedance type first-order all-pass filter using single OTRA’, Int. J. Electro. Commun., 2004, 58, (4), pp. 296298.
    30. 30)
      • 30. Kilinc, S., Cam, U.: ‘Operational transresistance amplifier based first-order all-pass filter with an application example’. The Midwest Symp. on Circuits and Systems (MW SCAS), 2004, vol. 1, Issue I, pp. 6568.
    31. 31)
      • 31. Kacar, F.: ‘Operational transresistance amplifier based current-mode all-pass filter topologies’, International Conf. on Applied Electronics (AE), Pilsen, Czech Republic, 2009, pp. 139142.
    32. 32)
      • 32. Cakir, C., Cam, U., Cicekoglu, O.: ‘Novel all-pass filter configuration employing single OTRA’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-II, 2005, 52, (3), pp. 122125.
    33. 33)
      • 33. Tripathi, P., Pahalwan, P., Gola, P., et al: ‘Design of digitally controlled OTRA based filter for hearing aid application’. IEEE 1st Int. Conf. on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), 2016, pp. 15.
    34. 34)
      • 34. Anurag, R., Pandey, R., Pandey, N., et al: ‘OTRA based shadow filters’. Annual IEEE India Conf. (INDICON), 2015, pp. 14.
    35. 35)
      • 35. Pramanik, A.: ‘Design of operational transresistance amplifier based grounded active inductor and implementation of bandpass filter’. Int. Conf. on Electronics and Communication Systems (ICECS), 2015, pp. 842844.
    36. 36)
      • 36. Ranjan, A., Ghosh, M., Paul, S.K.: ‘Voltage-mode third order band-pass filter employing operational transresistance amplifier’. Int. Conf. on Computers and Devices for Communication (CODEC), 2012, pp. 13.
    37. 37)
      • 37. Ravindran, A., Savla, A., Younus, I., et al: ‘A 0.8 V CMOS filter based on a novel low voltage operational transresistance amplifier’. The Midwest Symp. on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), 2002, vol. 3, Issue III, pp. 368371.
    38. 38)
      • 38. Gokcen, A., Kilinc, S., Cam, U.: ‘Second-order analogue filter design using a single OTRA suitable for integration’. IEEE Int. Conf. on Signal Processing and Communications Applications, 2007, pp. 14.
    39. 39)
      • 39. Kilinc, S., Keskin, A. U., Cam, U.: ‘Voltage mode multifunction biquads employing a single operational transresistance amplifier’. IEEE Int. Conf. on Signal Processing and Communications Applications, 2007, pp. 14.
    40. 40)
      • 40. Kumngern, M., Junnapiya, S., Chanwutitum, J.: ‘Voltage -mode low-pass, high-pass, band-pass biquadratic filter using OTRAs’. IEEE Int. Conf. on Control System, Computing and Engineering, 2013, pp. 230233.
    41. 41)
      • 41. Soliman, A.M., Madian, A.H.: ‘MOS-C KHN filter using op amp, CFOA, OTRA and DVCC’, J. Circuits Syst. Comput., 2009, 18, (1), pp. 151179.
    42. 42)
      • 42. Soliman, A.M., Madian, A.H.: ‘MOS-C Tow-Thomas filter using Op Amp, CFOA, and OTRA’, J. Circuits Syst. Comput., 2009, 18, (4), pp. 733769.
    43. 43)
      • 43. Hwang, Y.S., Chen, J.J., Lee, W.T.: ‘High-order linear transformation MOSFET-C filters using operational trans resistance amplifiers’. IEEE Int. Symp. on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2005, vol. 4, pp. 32753278.
    44. 44)
      • 44. Hwang, Y.S., Wu, D.S., Chen, J. J., et al: ‘Design of current-mode MOSFET-C filters using OTRAs’, Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl., 2009, 37, (3), pp. 397411.
    45. 45)
      • 45. Chang, C.M., Swamy, M.N.S.: ‘Analytical synthesis of odd/even-nth-order elliptic Cauer filter structures using OTRAs’, Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl., 2013, 41, (12), pp. 12481271.
    46. 46)
      • 46. Chang, C.M., Soliman, A.M., Swamy, M.N.S.: ‘Analytical synthesis of low sensitivity high-order voltage-mode DDCC and FDCCII-grounded R and C all-pass filter structures’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-I, 2007, 54, (7), pp. 14301443.
    47. 47)
      • 47. Chang, C.M., Swamy, M.N.S., Soliman, A.M.: ‘Analytical synthesis of voltage-mode even/odd-nth-order differential difference current conveyor and fully differential current conveyor II-grounded resistor and capacitor universal filter structures’, Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl., 2015, 43, pp. 12631310.
    48. 48)
      • 48. Tu, S.H., Hwang, Y.S., Chen, J.J., et al: ‘OTA-C arbitrary-phase-shift oscillators’, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 2012, 61, pp. 23052319.
    49. 49)
      • 49. Chang, C.M.: ‘Analytical synthesis of low-sensitivity voltage-mode odd-nth-order OTA-C elliptic filter structure with the minimum number of components’. IEEE Int. Symp. on Circuits and Systems, Louisiana, USA, May 2007, pp. 530533.
    50. 50)
      • 50. Chang, C.M.: ‘Analytical synthesis of digitally programmable voltage-mode OTA-C universal biquad’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-II, 2006, 53, pp. 607611.
    51. 51)
      • 51. Chang, C.M., Hou, C.L., Chung, W.Y., et al: ‘Analytical synthesis of high-order single-ended-input OTA-grounded C all-pass and and -reject filter structures’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-I, 2006, 53, pp. 489498.
    52. 52)
      • 52. Chang, C.M., Al-Hashimi, B.M., Sun, Y., et al: ‘New high-order filter structures using single-ended-input OTAs and grounded capacitors’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-I, 2004, 51, pp. 458463.
    53. 53)
      • 53. Chang, C.M., Al-Hashimi, B.M.: ‘Analytical synthesis of current-mode high-order OTA-C filters’, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.-I, 2003, 50, pp. 11881192.
    54. 54)
      • 54. Herrero, J.L., Willoner, G.: ‘Synthesis of Filters’ (Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, 1966).
http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/iet-cds.2018.5070
Loading

Related content

content/journals/10.1049/iet-cds.2018.5070
pub_keyword,iet_inspecKeyword,pub_concept
6
6
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address