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Optimal bidirectional Raman pumping in dispersion-shifted fibres for WDM inter-channel FWM reduction

Optimal bidirectional Raman pumping in dispersion-shifted fibres for WDM inter-channel FWM reduction

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Bidirectional Raman pumping schemes for C-band dense-WDM transmission in dispersion-shifted fibres are experimentally investigated taking into account both pump-to-signal and inter-channel four wave mixing (FWM) interactions, as well as optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) performance. For the first time it is shown that an optimal combination of co- and counter-propagating pumping technologies leads to acceptable OSNR performance allowing, at the same time, for an effective reduction of inter-channel FWM crosstalk with limited pump-to-signal FWM interaction.

References

    1. 1)
      • Takachio, N.: `32×10 Gb/s distributed Raman amplification transmission with 50-GHz channel spacing in the zero-dispersion region over 640 km of 1.55 um dispersion-shifted fiber', Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC 1999, February 1999, San Diego, CA, USA, p. 1668–1670, PD9/1–PD9/3.
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
    4. 4)
      • Hansen, P.B.: `Dense wavelength-division multiplexed transmission in “zero-dispersion” DFS by means of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers', Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC 1999, February 1999, San Diego, CA, USA, p. 1668–1670, PD8/1–PD8/3.
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