Low-loss fibre-coupled waveguide directional coupler modulator

Low-loss fibre-coupled waveguide directional coupler modulator

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We report a fibre-coupled Ti: LiNbO3 directional coupler modulator with total fibre-device-fibre insertion loss as low as 1.5 dB for λ=1.32 μm. Low loss has been achieved by using diffusion parameters to give good mode match to the fibre and low propagation loss, an effective SiO2 buffer layer to eliminate electrode loading loss and a directional coupler geometry which minimises the effect of bend loss.


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