Mode behaviour in a tapered multimode fibre

Mode behaviour in a tapered multimode fibre

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A derivation based on ray tracing and the local plane-wave approximation is used to show the behaviour of waveguide modes in a linearly tapered multimode fibre having a step-index profile. The azimuthal mode order l is invariant through the taper, and, for suitably designed tapers, the changes in the radial mode order m and the lateral component u are negligible. A formula for designing such tapers is presented.


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