Exact analysis of the least-mean-square algorithm with coloured measurement noise

Exact analysis of the least-mean-square algorithm with coloured measurement noise

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In general, theoretical analyses of adaptive filtering algorithms employ statistical approximations in order to render the derivations tractable. Among such hypotheses, the statistical independence between the current adaptive coefficients and past input vectors is a very popular one. Unfortunately, this simplification gives rise to discrepancies with respect to empirical results, especially for large values of the step-size parameter. In this Letter, this issue is overcome by the usage of an exact expectation analysis (i.e. a stochastic model that does not employ the above-mentioned independence assumption) of the least-mean-squares adaptive algorithm. The authors analysis is also generalised in order to address the common case of coloured additive noise, an issue that is so far missing from the literature. The accuracy of the advanced model is verified through simulations.


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      • 2. Sayed, A.H.: ‘Adaptive filters’ (John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2011).
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      • 6. Lopes, C.G., Bermudez, J.C.M.: ‘Evaluation and design of variable step size adaptive algorithms’. IEEE Int. Conf. on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, 2001, pp. 38453848, doi: 10.1109/ICASSP.2001.940682.

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