Broadband quad-polarisation reconfigurable antenna

Broadband quad-polarisation reconfigurable antenna

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A new broadband quad-polarisation reconfigurable antenna is proposed. The reconfigurable antenna consists of a +45° polarised dipole and a −45° polarised dipole. Each dipole is excited by a broadband balun. A reconfigurable feeding network is employed to feed the ±45° polarised dipoles. When the ±45° polarised dipoles are separately fed, ±45° linear polarisations are obtained. As the ±45° polarised dipoles are simultaneously fed with a +90° or −90° phase difference, left-handed circular polarisation (CP) or right-handed CP is asserted. It is shown by simulation and experiment that the quad-polarisation reconfigurable antenna achieves an overlapped impedance bandwidth of 37% (0.69–1.0 GHz) for return loss >15 dB and an overlapped bandwidth of 36% (0.66–0.95 GHz) for axial ratio <3 dB.

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