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Accurate gaze estimation based on average-binary-connected-component-centroid

Accurate gaze estimation based on average-binary-connected-component-centroid

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Iris centre is widely used in feature-based gaze estimation system. However, the performance of various existing iris centre localisation methods is degraded in low-resolution images. To address the problem, an accurate regression-based gaze estimation system is proposed by replacing the iris centre with a novel average-binary-connected-component-centroid (ABCCC) feature. First, ABCCC is obtained by averaging a series of binary connected component centroids, which are calculated by different percentile grey thresholds in the normalised eye region of interest. Then, head pose is estimated by employing the OpenCV iterative algorithm. Thereafter, ABCCC and head pose are mapped to compute the gaze using a linear mapping functions, which are regressed in calibration phase. Compared with traditional methods using iris centre, ABCCC is easier to calculate and shows a stronger correlation with the change of gaze, which improves the accuracy of the gaze estimation system. Experimental results on EYEDIAP database verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/el.2018.0496
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