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Autofocus approach for sparse aperture inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging

Autofocus approach for sparse aperture inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging

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In the inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging, the autofocus is a required step for generating high-quality images. However, due to many factors, the aperture data may be sparse so that the classical motion compensation approaches and imaging algorithms are not proper. On the basis of the compressed sensing technique and two optimisation methods (the gradient projection method and the conjugate gradient method), a novel autofocus algorithm, which can be used in sparse aperture imaging, is proposed in this Letter. The phase errors induced by the translational Doppler frequency are estimated and the focused image is reconstructed simultaneously by dual iterative computation. This approach is verified by real data processing.

References

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      • 1. Nel, W., Giusti, E., Martorella, M., et al: ‘A time domain phase-gradient based ISAR autofocus algorithm’. IEEE CIE Int. Radar Conf., Chengdu, China, 2011, pp. 541544.
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      • 3. Baraniuk, R., Steeghs, P.: ‘Compressive radar imaging’. IEEE Radar Conf., Boston, USA, 2007, pp. 128133.
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      • 5. Rivaie, M., Fauzi, M., Mamat, M.: ‘A new family of conjugate gradient methods for unconstrained optimization’. Int. Conf. on MSAO, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2011, pp. 14.
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