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Smart Sensing for Traffic Monitoring

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Editor: Nobuyuki Ozaki Dr. 1
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Publication Year: 2020

Growth in urbanisation, particularly in emerging economies, is causing increased traffic congestion and affecting environmental conditions in cities. Cities need to manage this growth in traffic in an efficient way. Intelligent infrastructure for traffic monitoring and sensing offers a potential solution, and so this book explores the prospective role of this approach in managing congestion, the established and emerging related technologies, and routes to effective implementation. Intelligent infrastructure will also play an important role in the future automation of vehicles. Onboard sensor technology is well-established, but higher levels of vehicle automation are difficult to achieve without additional sensing technology on the infrastructure side. Thanks to recent advances in device and software technology, new and innovative approaches to intelligent sensing infrastructure, both fixed and onboard, can be implemented. The development and deployment of automated vehicles is a hot topic, with early versions potentially entering the market within 5-8 years, so as an overview of developments in the field this book is timely and relevant. The book systematically covers the key elements of intelligent infrastructure. It begins with the architectures and projects in key regions, and then continues with coverage of novel technologies for vehicle, bicycle and pedestrian detection using different kinds of recognition technology. The third part describes technology for detecting traffic conditions such as incidents, illegal parking and adverse weather. Smart Sensing for Traffic Monitoring offers methodically presented information for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students with an interest in the technologies behind intelligent infrastructure and traffic monitoring.

Inspec keywords: image sensors; Global Positioning System; road vehicle radar; pedestrians; image recognition; object detection; optical radar; traffic engineering computing; road safety; bicycles; intelligent sensors; stereo image processing; computerised monitoring; cameras; cloud computing; intelligent transportation systems; video surveillance; road traffic

Other keywords: traffic state sensing; roadside unit; vulnerable road users; LIDAR system; cloud applications; incident detection; on board unit; intersection vehicle detection; Japan; traffic counting; phased-array weather radar; Singapore; cooperative intelligent transport systems; stereo camera; smart mobility; heavy precipitation sensing; GNSS-based traffic monitoring; surveillance camera; crowd density estimation; cycle traffic; RADAR system; smart sensing; Europe; OBU

Subjects: Computer vision and image processing techniques; General electrical engineering topics; Computerised instrumentation; Video signal processing; Image sensors; Image recognition; Computerised instrumentation; Intelligent sensors; Control engineering computing; Satellite communication systems; Road-traffic system control; General and management topics; Intelligent sensors; Signal processing and detection; Information networks; Radar equipment, systems and applications; Traffic engineering computing

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