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Transparency for Robots and Autonomous Systems: Fundamentals, technologies and applications

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Author(s): Robert H. Wortham 1
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Publication Year: 2020

Based on scientific understanding and empirical evidence of how humans understand and interact with robotic and autonomous systems, the author reviews the concerns that have been raised around the deployment of AI and robots in human society, and the potential for disruption and harm. He explains why transparency ought to be a fundamental design consideration for Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and artificial intelligent systems. Starting with a survey of global research in the field and what transparency means in the wider context of trust, control and ethics, the author then introduces a transparent robot control architecture, and the impact of transparency using real-time displays. He presents a case study of a muttering robot, and covers current and upcoming standards for transparency, as well as future perspectives for the design, manufacture and operation of autonomous robotic systems. Specifically, chapters cover transparency in the wider context of trust; a transparent robot control architecture, the impact of transparency using real-time displays, transparency using audio - the Muttering Robot, the effects of appearance on transparency, synthesis and further work, and several examples of Instinct reactive planner commands. This book provides key insights into transparency in robots and autonomous systems for industry, academic researchers and engineers working on intelligent autonomous system design, human robot interaction, AI, and machine ethics. It also offers points of interest for professionals developing governmental or organisational policies and standards for the design of intelligent autonomous and AI systems, and government and standard bodies working in the emerging applications of AI.

Inspec keywords: intelligent robots; human-robot interaction; philosophical aspects; ethical aspects

Other keywords: autonomous systems; naive observer; robot transparency; robot anthropomorphism; moral requirement; transparent robots; emotional response; robot intelligence; unplanned naive robot encounters

Subjects: Robotics; Economic, social and political aspects of control; General and management topics

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