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Radar studies of the atmosphere

Radar studies of the atmosphere

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From initially being a nuisance, the scattering of radar signals from the atmosphere has been turned into a useful, and expanding, research technique for the study of atmospheric physics and meteorology. Scattering occurs from discrete sources (rain, birds, etc.) and also from changes in the refractive index of the air, mainly caused by turbulence. Weather radars, investigating lower-atmosphere cloud physics and precipitation, operate at frequencies in S-band and above, but new VHF phased array radars have emerged as a tool for probing the atmosphere from 1 to 100 km altitude.

Chapter Contents:

  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Scattering mechanisms
  • 9.3 Mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere radar
  • 9.4 Meteor wind radar
  • 9.5 Other radar studies of the atmosphere
  • 9.6 Summary
  • 9.7 References
  • 9.8 Problems

Inspec keywords: phased array radar; meteorological radar; refractive index; atmospheric precipitation; radar signal processing

Other keywords: lower-atmosphere cloud physics; VHF phased array radar; meteorology; S-band; weather radar; atmospheric physics; refractive index; turbulence; radar signal scattering; precipitation

Subjects: Signal processing and detection; Radar equipment, systems and applications; Atmospheric, ionospheric and magnetospheric techniques and equipment; Instrumentation and techniques for geophysical, hydrospheric and lower atmosphere research; Precipitation (hydrological)

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