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Waveform Design and Diversity for Shallow Water Environments

Waveform Design and Diversity for Shallow Water Environments

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In this chapter, we employ a general signal characterization based on the normal-mode model for shallow water environments that is applicable to a large class of signals. This characterization is based on a frequency domain formulation that can be used with narrowband as well as wideband signals. The normal-mode characterization assumes perfect waveguide conditions, and as a result, it consists of a homogeneous fluid layer with a soft top and rigid bottom. This environment characterization describes a linear time-varying (LTV) dispersive system which can cause different frequencies to be shifted in time by different amounts. Such dispersive signal transformations are specific to the nature of the environment that the signal propagates through, and they can severely limit the performance of underwater acoustic applications such as communications and sonar. In order to improve the performance of these underwater applications, we propose methodologies that exploit dispersion by waveform design and diversity.

Inspec keywords: underwater acoustic communication; acoustic signal processing; time-varying systems; linear systems

Other keywords: sonar; underwater acoustic communications; shallow water environments; general signal characterization; normal-mode model characterization; linear time-varying dispersive system; frequency-domain formulation; perfect waveguide conditions; homogeneous fluid layer; wideband signals; dispersive signal transformations; waveform design; LTV dispersive system

Subjects: Signal processing and detection; Acoustic and other telecommunication systems and equipment

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