Estimation, Tracking, and Data Association

Estimation, Tracking, and Data Association

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This chapter covers the concepts of parameter estimation, target tracking, and data association algorithms used to enable multiple-target tracking in real-world environments. The topics covered in this chapter include: parameter estimation for radar; the radar tracking function; waveforms and signal processing; types of tracking filters; alpha-beta and alpha-beta-gamma - Kalman - extended-Kalman - interacting multiple-model; data association algorithms; nearest-neighbor - probabilistic data association (PDA) -joint PDA (JPDA) - nearest neighbor-JPDA - multi-hypothesis tracking (MHT) - other assignment algorithms; tracking air targets; aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) - cruise missiles; tracking ballistic missile targets; TBMs, IRBMs, ICBMs; tracking surface targets; ships and vehicles.

Chapter Contents:

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Parameter Estimation for Radar
  • 5.3 The Radar Tracking Function
  • 5.3.1 Coordinate Systems
  • 5.4 Types of Tracking Filters
  • 5.4.1 Fixed-Gain Filters
  • 5.4.2 Computed-Gain Filters
  • Kalman Filters
  • Interacting Multiple-Model Filters
  • 5.5 Data Association Algorithms
  • 5.5.1 Nearest Neighbor
  • 5.5.2 Probabilistic Data Association
  • 5.5.3 Joint Probabilistic Data Association
  • 5.5.4 Nearest-Neighbor Joint Probabilistic Data Association
  • 5.5.5 Multiple-Hypothesis Track
  • 5.5.6 Other Assignment Algorithms
  • 5.6 Tracking Air Targets
  • 5.7 Tracking Ballistic Missile Targets
  • 5.8 Tracking Surface Targets
  • 5.9 References

Inspec keywords: sensor fusion; parameter estimation; autonomous aerial vehicles; Kalman filters; radar tracking; tracking filters; missiles; aircraft; target tracking

Other keywords: joint probabilistic data association; air target tracking; tracking filters; radar tracking function; nearest-neighbor; waveforms; extended-Kalman filters; ships; multiple-target tracking; alpha-beta filters; alpha-beta-gamma filters; ballistic missile targets; real-world environments; parameter estimation; unmanned aerial vehicles; multihypothesis tracking; signal processing; cruise missiles; aircraft

Subjects: Military radar, detection and tracking systems

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