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Wearable technology and mobile platform for wearable antennas for human health monitoring

Wearable technology and mobile platform for wearable antennas for human health monitoring

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Health and long-term care is a growth area for wearable heath monitoring systems. Wearable diagnostic and therapeutic systems can contribute to timely point-of-care (POC) for patients with chronic health conditions, especially chronic neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases and strokes that are leading causes of mortality worldwide. Diagnostics and therapeutics for patients under timely POC can save thousands of lives. However, lack of access to minimally intrusive monitoring systems makes timely diagnosis difficult and sometimes impossible. Existing ambulatory recording equipment is incapable of performing continuous remote patient monitoring (RPM) because of the inability for conventional silver-silver-chloride-gel-electrodes to perform long-term monitoring, non-reusability, lack of scalable-standardized wireless communication platforms, and user-friendly design. Recent progress in nanotextile biosensors and mobile platforms has resulted in novel wearable health monitoring systems for neurological and cardiovascular disorders. This chapter discusses nanostructured-textile-based dry electrodes that are better suited for long-term measurement of electrocardiography (ECG), electroencephalography (EEG), electrooculography (EOG), electromyography (EMG), and bioimpedance with very low baseline noise, improved sensitivity, and seamless integration into garments of daily use. It discusses bioelectromagnetic principles of origination and propagation of bioelectric signals and nanosensor functioning, which provide a unique perspective on the development of novel wearable systems that harness their potential. Combined with state-of-the-art embedded wireless network devices and printable fractal antenna to communicate with smartphone, laptop, or directly to remote server through mobile network (GSM, 4G-LTE, GPRS), they can function as wearable wireless health diagnostic systems that are more intuitive to use.

Chapter Contents:

  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Smart textile for health monitoring
  • 9.3 Electrical signals from the brain and heart
  • 9.4 Cardiovascular anatomy and electrophysiology
  • 9.4.1 The dipole theory for ECG
  • 9.4.2 Derivation of ECG from dipole vector
  • 9.5 Monitoring and diagnosis: neurological signal measurements
  • 9.6 Monitoring and diagnosis: cardiological signal measurements of diagnostic value
  • 9.7 Monitoring systems
  • 9.8 Neurological disorder monitoring by wearable wireless nano-bio-textile sensors
  • 9.9 Cardiovascular health monitoring
  • 9.9.1 Hardware system
  • 9.9.2 ECG signal acquisition
  • 9.10 Biofeedback system for therapeutics
  • 9.11 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: wearable antennas; patient monitoring; electro-oculography; electromyography; body sensor networks; nanosensors; health care; cellular radio; medical disorders; Long Term Evolution; smart phones; cardiovascular system; nanomedicine; electrocardiography; 4G mobile communication; fractal antennas; biomedical electrodes; packet radio networks; laptop computers; nanostructured materials; electroencephalography; diseases

Other keywords: conventional silver-silver-chloride-gel-electrodes; nanostructured-textile-based dry electrodes; electromyography; cardiovascular disorders; long-term measurement; ECG; minimally intrusive monitoring systems; wearable health monitoring systems; GPRS; bioelectromagnetic principles; 4G-LTE; electrooculography; timely POC; chronic neurological disorders; user-friendly design; wearable wireless health diagnostic systems; long-term monitoring; long-term care; human health monitoring; mobile platform; EOG; cardiovascular diseases; bioimpedance; electrocardiography; remote server; scalable-standardized wireless communication platforms; strokes; bioelectric signals; mobile network; health care; embedded wireless network devices; EMG; wearable technology; continuous remote patient monitoring; electroencephalography; printable fractal antenna; patient therapeutics; wearable antennas; nanosensor functioning; growth area; point-of-care; low baseline noise; EEG; chronic health conditions; laptop; therapeutic systems; GSM; smartphone

Subjects: Electrodiagnostics and other electrical measurement techniques; Wireless sensor networks; Mobile radio systems; Nanotechnology applications in biomedicine; Physiology of the eye; nerve structure and function; Electrical activity in neurophysiological processes; Single antennas; Biology and medical computing; Biomedical communication; Sensing and detecting devices; Bioelectric signals; Microsensors and nanosensors

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