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Routing protocols for nano-electromagnetic communication networks

Routing protocols for nano-electromagnetic communication networks

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Nano-Electromagnetic Communication at Terahertz and Optical Frequencies: Principles and Applications — Recommend this title to your library

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Nano-electromagnetic communication networks, namely, wireless nano networks (WNNs), are wireless communication networks composed of interacting nanonodes (sizes ranging from a few hundred cubic nanometers to micrometers). The extremely limited capabilities and resources of nanonodes, as well as the severe path loss of terahertz band communication in WNNs, represent a challenge to the communication distance among nanonodes and the overall network performance. Therefore, appropriate routing protocols are necessary for guaranteeing multihop communication in WNNs. In this chapter, the existing routing protocols for WNNs are comprehensively analyzed and classified into three categories: limit-flood-areabased routing protocols, dynamic-infrastructure-based (DIF-based) routing protocols, and single-path-based routing protocols. Based on the peculiarities of WNNs, especially the constrained resources and limited energy supply, the features of each protocol are presented through a detailed comparison. Finally, by integrating the features of WNNs and the problems of existing routing technologies, we present our views on the future research directions of routing techniques in WNNs.

Chapter Contents:

  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Classification of routing protocols in WNNs
  • 8.3 Routing protocols in WNNs
  • 8.3.1 Limit-flood-area-based routing protocols
  • 8.3.1.1 RADAR routing
  • 8.3.1.2 CORONA
  • 8.3.1.3 Stateless linear routing
  • 8.3.2 DIF-based routing protocols
  • 8.3.2.1 LSDD
  • 8.3.2.2 DEROUS
  • 8.3.3 Single-path-based routing protocols
  • 8.3.3.1 Multihop transmission decision
  • 8.3.3.2 Energy-efficient multihop routing
  • 8.3.3.3 Energy-conserving routing
  • 8.3.3.4 TEFoward
  • 8.3.4 Comparison of routing protocols
  • 8.4 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: routing protocols; nanocommunication (telecommunication); radio networks

Other keywords: wireless communication networks; multihop communication; nanoelectromagnetic communication networks; terahertz band communication; limit-flood-areabased routing protocol; routing technologies; dynamic-infrastructure-based routing protocols; extremely limited capabilities; WNN; network performance; communication distance; wireless nanonetwork

Subjects: Communication network design, planning and routing; Radio links and equipment; Protocols

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