Optical Fiber Characteristics

Optical Fiber Characteristics

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Microwave frequencies are propagated on coaxial cables, inside metallic waveguides, or through-the-air. Optical frequencies are propagated on dielectric (non-metallic) fibers, waveguides embedded in substrates, and also through-the-air. This chapter analyzes cylindrical glass optical fibers. Rectangular optical waveguides, used in planar lightwave integrated circuits, are discussed.

Chapter Contents:

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Rays & Waves
  • 2.2.1 Polarization
  • 2.2.2 Step Index Fiber
  • 2.2.3 Total Internal Reflection
  • 2.2.4 Numerical Aperture
  • 2.2.5 Velocities
  • 2.3 Modes
  • 2.3.1 Step-Index Modes
  • 2.3.2 Cutoff Wavelength
  • 2.3.3 Single Mode Fiber
  • 2.3.4 Step-Index Single Mode Radius
  • 2.3.5 Shaped SM Fiber Cores
  • 2.3.6 Graded Index Multimode Fiber
  • 2.4 Optical Fiber/Cable Manufacture

Inspec keywords: microwave propagation; rectangular waveguides; glass fibres; optical waveguides; optical cables; integrated circuits; coaxial cables

Other keywords: microwave frequency propagation; metallic waveguide; cylindrical glass optical fiber; through-the-air; optical frequency propagation; dielectric fiber; rectangular optical waveguide; planar lightwave integrated circuit; coaxial cable

Subjects: Optical waveguides; Optical communication equipment; Integrated circuits; Radiowave propagation; Waveguides and microwave transmission lines

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