Heart Replacement

Heart Replacement

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy chapter PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 chapters for £75.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
Introduction to Biomechatronics — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

The principal function of the heart is to pump blood continuously around the cardiovascular system. The heart receives signals from both sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve fibers, which can alter the rate of the beat, but they do not initiate contraction. Instead, action potentials generated by autorhythmic cells create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cells via gap junctions. A dense network of blood vessels surrounds the heart and supplies the respiring cardiac tissues with essential oxygen and nutrients and also removes metabolic waste.

Chapter Contents:

  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 The Heart as a Pump
  • 8.2.1 Heart Valves
  • 8.2.2 The Pump Cycle
  • 8.2.3 The Cardiac Output
  • 8.2.4 Pressure Regulation
  • 8.2.5 Heart Disease
  • 8.2.6 Biomechatronic Perspective
  • 8.3 Heart-Lung Machines
  • 8.3.1 History
  • 8.3.2 Modern Heart-Lung Machines
  • 8.4 Artificial Hearts
  • 8.4.1 History
  • 8.4.2 Implanting an Artificial Heart
  • 8.5 Ventricular Assist Devices
  • 8.5.1 History
  • 8.5.2 Extracorporeal Ventricular Assist Devices
  • 8.5.3 Intracorporeal Left Ventricular Assist Devices
  • 8.5.4 Generation 1 LVADs
  • 8.5.5 Pulsatile Pump Technology
  • 8.5.6 Generation 2 VADs
  • 8.5.7 Generation 3 VADs
  • 8.5.8 Generation 4 VADs
  • 8.5.9 Toward an Ideal Replacement Heart
  • 8.5.10 Other Pump Types
  • 8.6 Engineering in Heart Assist Devices
  • 8.6.1 Fluid Dynamics in Pulsatile LVADs
  • 8.6.2 Fluid Dynamics in Centrifugal and Axial LVADs
  • 8.6.3 Estimation and Control of Blood Flow
  • 8.6.4 Transcutaneous Energy Transfer
  • 8.7 Pump Types
  • 8.7.1 Centrifugal and Axial Pump Characteristics
  • 8.7.2 Rotary Pump Characteristics
  • 8.7.3 Reciprocating Pump Characteristics
  • 8.7.4 Bearings
  • 8.8 References

Inspec keywords: biological tissues; diseases; cardiovascular system; blood vessels; artificial organs; biomedical equipment; cellular biophysics; prosthetics; lung; blood pressure measurement; neurophysiology

Other keywords: cardiovascular system; parasympathetic nerve fibers; cardiac tissues; depolarization waves; action potentials; autorhythmic cells; contractile cells; metabolic waste products; heart replacement; blood vessels

Subjects: Biophysics of neurophysiological processes; Cellular biophysics; Prosthetics and other practical applications; Haemodynamics, pneumodynamics; Prosthetics and orthotics

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in

Heart Replacement, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/books/cs/sbcs003e/SBCS003E_ch8-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/books/cs/sbcs003e/SBCS003E_ch8-2.gif

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address