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Active and Passive Prosthetic Limbs

Active and Passive Prosthetic Limbs

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This chapter discusses about the following: active and passive prosthetic limb; arm structure; arm kinematic model; leg structure; leg kinematic model; limb movement kinematics; sensing properties and prosthesis suspension.

Chapter Contents:

  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.1.1 A Brief History of Prosthetics
  • 10.2 Structure of the Arm
  • 10.2.1 Wrist
  • 10.2.2 Elbow
  • 10.2.3 Shoulder
  • 10.3 Kinematic Model of the Arm
  • 10.4 Structure of the Leg
  • 10.4.1 The Hip Joint
  • 10.4.2 The Knee Joint
  • 10.4.3 The Ankle Joint and the Foot
  • 10.5 Kinematic Model of the Leg
  • 10.5.1 Walking
  • 10.5.2 Normal Walking Dynamics
  • 10.6 Kinematics of Limb Movement
  • 10.6.1 Center of Mass and Moment of Inertia of a Limb Segment
  • 10.6.2 Angular Acceleration
  • 10.6.3 Center of Mass and Moment of Inertia of a Complete Limb
  • 10.7 Sensing
  • 10.8 Passive Prosthetics
  • 10.8.1 Actuation and Control of Upper Limb Prostheses
  • 10.8.2 Walking Dynamics Using a Passive Prosthesis
  • 10.8.3 Knee Prosthetics
  • 10.8.4 Foot Prosthetics
  • 10.9 Active Prosthetics
  • 10.9.1 Arm Mechanisms
  • 10.9.2 Hand Mechanisms
  • 10.9.3 Hand Research and Applications
  • 10.9.4 Control of Prosthetic Arms and Hands
  • 10.9.5 Leg Mechanisms
  • 10.9.6 Ankle-Foot Mechanisms
  • 10.10 Prosthesis Suspension
  • 10.10.1 Conventional Suspension Methods
  • 10.10.2 Osseointegration
  • 10.11 References

Inspec keywords: suspensions; artificial limbs; biomechanics; kinematics

Other keywords: leg kinematic model; sensing properties; passive prosthetic limb;; limb movement kinematics; leg structure; active prosthetic limb; arm kinematic model; arm structure; prosthesis suspension

Subjects: Emulsions and suspensions; Prosthetics and orthotics; Prosthetics and other practical applications; Biomechanics, biorheology, biological fluid dynamics; Textbooks

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