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Maritime transportation along the Northern Sea Route

Maritime transportation along the Northern Sea Route

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This chapter provides a comprehensive review of shipping activity along the NSR by type of shipping and type of cargo, including container shipping. Additionally, a case study of how global demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) is affecting the development of the NSR is highlighted. Finally, the future of the NSR development by looking at sustainability requirements in the Arctic and worldwide that shapes the future of the NSR is discussed. Smart shipping is likely to affect global shipping, thus several initiatives for the development of smart shipping for the NSR are discussed too. In conclusion, this chapter provides an outlook for the development of shipping along the NSR in the future.

Chapter Contents:

  • 4.1 Northern Sea Route in a global maritime transportation
  • 4.1.1 Role of NSR in a historical context
  • Explorations in sixteenth to nineteenth centuries
  • Soviet period 1919–91
  • Post-Soviet period and current state
  • 4.1.2 Effect of climate change on NSR
  • Diminishing sea ice
  • Navigation along NSR
  • 4.1.3 Frameworks governing the NSR
  • Non-Arctic states in the Arctic
  • Legal status of the NSR
  • 4.2 Drivers for NSR development
  • 4.2.1 Increased demand for natural resources and Arctic development
  • 4.2.2 Tourism in the Arctic
  • 4.3 Maritime transportation along NRS
  • 4.3.1 Cost considerations
  • 4.3.2 Ship classes
  • Seasonal variations
  • Ship sizes
  • 4.3.3 Volumes and types of shipping
  • 4.3.4 Container shipping
  • 4.3.5 A case study of liquefied natural gas (LNG)
  • 4.3.6 Shipping sustainability requirements worldwide and in the Arctic
  • 4.3.7 Smart shipping along NSR
  • 4.3.8 Challenges and recommendations for sustainable shipping along NSR
  • References

Inspec keywords: goods distribution; traffic engineering computing; natural gas technology; sustainable development; transportation; freight containers; ships

Other keywords: container shipping; Arctic; shipping activity; maritime transportation; NSR development; liquefied natural gas; LNG; global shipping; sustainability requirements; global demand; cargo type; smart shipping; Northern Sea Route; shipping type

Subjects: Environmental issues; Goods distribution; Traffic engineering computing

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