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e-Navigation and shore-based monitoring systems

e-Navigation and shore-based monitoring systems

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This chapter describes the current composition of information needed to navigate a ship safely based either on paper documents or on electronic systems. It provides an overview of the achievements and the ongoing work of the main involved parties, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO). The IMO as the main legal body has introduced the e-navigation concept and associated services. In parallel, the IHO has developed the S-100 Standard as the Universal Hydrographic Data Model. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) as the third actor binds the two components by developing test standards to approve on-board systems able to provide S-100 compliant information supporting the e-navigation concept. Shore-based monitoring systems planned in an e-navigation environment are either under development or are at a conceptual status. This chapter collects and provides the ideas and concepts behind some of them. The chapter further describes certain additional services and features required to make e-navigation and S-100 operational. At the end, the chapter risks a view in the long-term future regardless of the current legal and technical limitations.

Chapter Contents:

  • 3.1 Navigation, the past and the present
  • 3.1.1 What was first, nautical publications or navigational charts?
  • 3.1.2 Paper charts and electronic charts
  • 3.1.3 Nautical publications
  • 3.1.4 Navigating a ship
  • 3.2 The e-navigation concept
  • 3.2.1 What was the motivation to initiate the e-navigation concept?
  • 3.2.2 Strategic implementation plan
  • 3.2.3 Maritime services in the context of e-navigation
  • 3.3 The S-100 idea
  • 3.3.1 What was the motivation to replace the current standards?
  • 3.3.2 S-100 as the Universal Hydrographic Data Model
  • 3.3.3 S-100-based product specifications
  • 3.3.4 Tailor-made information provision
  • 3.4 Supporting elements
  • 3.4.1 Why are supporting elements required?
  • 3.4.2 Common marine data infrastructure
  • 3.4.3 Marine resource names
  • 3.4.4 Sufficient data bandwidth availability
  • 3.5 Shore-based monitoring systems
  • 3.5.1 Why can shore-based monitoring systems benefit from e-navigation?
  • 3.5.2 Shore-based ship operation centres
  • 3.5.3 Shore-based ship monitoring centres
  • 3.6 The future
  • 3.6.1 Why can the future of the provision of navigational information be different from today?
  • 3.6.2 Split of data provision responsibilities
  • 3.6.3 Enhanced chart content
  • 3.6.4 Interoperability
  • 3.6.5 Provision of incremental updates
  • 3.6.6 Dynamic ships routeing measures
  • 3.7 Conclusion
  • List of abbreviations
  • Appendix A
  • References

Inspec keywords: sea ports; marine navigation; computerised navigation; marine communication; marine control; standards; data models; ships; electronic data interchange; traffic engineering computing

Other keywords: International Electrotechnical Commission; paper documents; ship navigation; IHO; data exchange; e-navigation; shore-based monitoring systems; on-board systems; test standards; electronic systems; International Maritime Organization; universal hydrographic data model; IMO; IEC; International Hydrographic Organization; S-100 standard

Subjects: Marine system control; Traffic engineering computing; Data interchange

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