Legal frameworks and strategies of regulatory authorities

Legal frameworks and strategies of regulatory authorities

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Increased automation and connectivity are major trends that are shaping the future of road transport and mobility. They hold the promise of addressing many of the major challenges that transport system of today is facing, such as user safety, energy efficiency, air quality, traffic congestion and enhancing driver comfort and convenience. Automated transport will also have an impact on the role, operations and costs of road operators and authorities. This chapter addresses the existing EU legal framework for road transport from the perspective of future automated driving and the required changes. It also presents a brief description of some topics related to national legal frameworks of EU Member States.

Chapter Contents:

  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.1.1 Automation–the future of transport
  • 6.1.2 The need for a coherent legal framework
  • 6.2 The EU legal and regulatory framework for road transport
  • 6.2.1 EU-wide vehicle type approval
  • Directive 2007/46/EC
  • Extending type approval to accommodate automated vehicles
  • Amendment the Vienna Convention for automated driving
  • 6.2.2 Operational aspects
  • Testing on open roads
  • Operational design domain
  • 6.2.3 Driver behaviour and automated vehicle behaviour
  • Determinants of road safety: vehicle, driver and infrastructure
  • Driver behaviour and driving licence
  • Programming the safe conduct of automated vehicles
  • Human–machine interface
  • 6.2.4 Liability, insurance and maintenance
  • Roadworthiness
  • Product liability
  • Liability of automated vehicles
  • Insurance and defects
  • Maintenance
  • 6.2.5 Infrastructure aspects
  • Physical and digital infrastructures
  • Physical infrastructure
  • Digital infrastructure
  • 6.2.6 Vehicle communication and data security
  • Connectivity for automation
  • Radio frequencies and standards
  • Coexistence of C-V2X and 802.11p at 5.9 GHz
  • The C-ITS Delegated Regulation
  • Big data, artificial intelligence and their applications
  • Data security
  • 6.2.7 Data ownership and privacy
  • Data for new mobility services and automation
  • The General Data Protection Regulation
  • GDPR and automated vehicles
  • Event data recorders
  • 6.2.8 Specific national legal aspects in EU Member States
  • The EU and national regulatory frameworks
  • Driver in the vehicle–the key issue
  • Testing of automated vehicles on open roads
  • 6.3 Legal and regulatory frameworks in some other parts of the world
  • 6.3.1 The United States
  • Federal and state-level regulations
  • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
  • NHTSA Federal Automated Vehicles Policy
  • Federal regulations for testing of driverless cars
  • State regulations for testing of driverless cars
  • Future role of authorities in the introduction of automated vehicles in the United States
  • 6.3.2 Japan
  • 6.3.3 China
  • 6.3.4 South Korea
  • 6.3.5 Singapore
  • 6.4 Conclusions
  • References

Inspec keywords: intelligent transportation systems; law administration

Other keywords: automated transport; national legal frameworks; road transport; automated driving; legal strategies; EU legal framework; road operators; regulatory authorities; authorities; EU Member States

Subjects: Public administration; Traffic engineering computing

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