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Driving automation and its effects on drivers – a human factor perspective

Driving automation and its effects on drivers – a human factor perspective

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This chapter will cover some of the issues mentioned by European Road Transport Research Advisory Council (ERTRAC) and has its starting point in the knowledge and experience from four different EU-funded projects dealing with automation and human factors. It might be expected that there is no difference in how human factors should be considered in relation to automation depending on the country it is used in. However, there are reasons to believe that there are differences in understanding and in acceptance of new functions depending on experience or not from modern vehicles with, for example integrated driver support systems. This chapter has its starting point mainly from work done in Europe, which may be considered to be generic and valid for other countries in the world with the same type of car fleets. The focus will be on challenges covering: the need to have an adaptive Human-Machine Interface (HMI) to achieve trust and acceptance in relation to automated functionalities and system, the importance of considering different driver states and finally the evaluations of automated systems.

Chapter Contents:

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.1.1 Automated driving and the human factor
  • 5.1.2 Aims of this chapter
  • 5.2 A human-centred approach in the design of automated vehicles
  • 5.3 Challenges
  • 5.3.1 Adaptive HMI
  • 5.3.2 Users'and societal acceptance of automated vehicles
  • 5.3.2.1 General public opinion on autonomous and semi-automated vehicles
  • 5.3.2.2 Stakeholders' opinions
  • 5.3.2.3 Automated vehicles and VRUs interactions
  • 5.3.3 Driver state is important to consider
  • 5.3.4 Evaluation of automated systems
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.4.1 HMIs need to be adapted
  • 5.4.2 Driver state is important to consider
  • 5.4.3 Evaluation of automated systems
  • 5.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Inspec keywords: traffic engineering computing; user interfaces; human factors

Other keywords: human factor perspective; ERTRAC; EU-funded projects; driving automation; integrated driver support systems; driver states; automated systems; European Road Transport Research Advisory Council; automated functionalities; car fleets; adaptive human-machine interface

Subjects: Traffic engineering computing; User interfaces; Ergonomic aspects of computing

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