Architecture of cooperative intelligent transport systems

Architecture of cooperative intelligent transport systems

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The purpose of this chapter is to introduce various initiatives related to developing an overall system architecture for Cooperative Intelligent Transportation Systems (C -ITS). C -ITS is also often programmatically referred to in North America as 'Connected Vehicles (CVs)'. Regardless of terminology, C -ITS is focused upon the following forms of connectivity: Vehicle -to -Infrastructure (V21) communications - Tying vehicles to roadside systems, in particular those components owned and operated by local or state transport departments and authorities or private road operators. V2I data can support local transport systems management and operations activities for improving mobility, safety, and environment. V2I can support real-time traffic control as well as tolling, pricing, and payment services, and the data can be highly beneficial to transportation performance analytics, providing transport operators with an assessment of how their current strategies are performing over various time -based, daily, or seasonal condition

Chapter Contents:

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 The US National ITS Architecture and evolution to cooperative systems
  • 3.2.1 Need
  • 3.2.2 Early years
  • 3.2.3 Federal requirements
  • 3.2.4 Development of connected vehicle elements (1990s–present)
  • 3.2.5 ARC-IT and related tools
  • 3.3 European frame architecture and evolution to C-ITS
  • 3.3.1 Overview
  • 3.3.2 Utilisation of FRAME in Europe
  • 3.3.3 Expansion and update of FRAME into FRAME NEXT
  • 3.4 Architecture harmonisation efforts
  • 3.4.1 The United States and Canada
  • 3.4.2 US and European Commission
  • 3.4.3 The United States and Asia
  • 3.4.4 The United States and Mexico
  • 3.4.5 Europe and Japan
  • 3.4.6 International working groups
  • 3.4.7 Cybersecurity architecture harmonisation
  • 3.5 Readiness for C-ITS
  • 3.6 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: cooperative communication; intelligent transportation systems; vehicular ad hoc networks

Other keywords: cooperative intelligent transport systems; real-time traffic control; V2I data; vehicle-to-infrastructure communications

Subjects: Mobile radio systems

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