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Electric vehicles for renewable energy integration in isolated power systems

Electric vehicles for renewable energy integration in isolated power systems

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The introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) is another alternative to reduce GHG emissions in these isolated systems, because these vehicles are more suitable for the short average daily distances on the islands. EVs can also contribute to integrating renewable energies in these isolated systems, becoming flexible loads and helping to reduce the peak-valley ratio and flattering the energy demand curve. Additionally, the mobility characteristics in islands make them appropriate to promote the electrification of the transportation sector. Introducing V2G as an energy storage system presents advantages such as making use of large-scale distributed storage systems; the batteries of EVs present very low cost for grid operators, easy implementation, and compatibility with the environmental policy. In this work the option of charging an EV fleet as a distributed energy storage system to increase the participation of renewable energy in an isolated power system has been presented.

Chapter Contents:

  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 El Hierro's electrical system description
  • 11.3 Data description
  • 11.3.1 Electric power system data
  • 11.3.2 Mobility data
  • 11.4 Optimization algorithm for night charging
  • 11.5 Scenarios
  • 11.5.1 Scenario 1. Base scenario. No VE-No PHEP
  • 11.5.2 Scenario 2. Base scenario+VEs-No PHEP
  • 11.5.3 Scenario 3. Base scenario+VEs-PHES
  • Subscenario 3.1. Base scenario+Ves+PHES at 0%
  • Subscenario 3.2. Base scenario+VEs+PHES at 50%
  • Subscenario 3.3. Base scenario+Ves+PHES at 100%
  • 11.6 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: transportation; vehicle-to-grid; renewable energy sources; air pollution control; electric vehicle charging; distributed power generation

Other keywords: isolated power systems; transportation sector; mobility characteristics; distributed energy storage system; GHG emission reduction; electric vehicles; EV fleet; V2G; renewable energy; energy demand

Subjects: Pollution detection and control; Distributed power generation; Transportation; Energy resources

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