Contribution of electric vehicles to power system ancillary services beyond distributed energy storage

Contribution of electric vehicles to power system ancillary services beyond distributed energy storage

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Current electric power systems are experiencing a steady growth in renewable electricity generation and in energy consumption from electric vehicles (EV), involving a number of impacts on the system that increase with the penetration level and the system weakness. As conventional synchronous generation is being displaced by renewable generators, they must take their share in the ancillary services provision and supplementary equipment has to be installed, with its associated cost. This chapter describes how EVs, already connected to the grid with appropriate electronic converters and controls, can be used for contributing to the provision of frequency and voltage control, thus avoiding additional investment in supplementary equipment. The chapter also presents innovative approaches for both ancillary services, based on previous developments in electricity generation from wind and wave energies.

Chapter Contents:

  • List of abbreviations
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Contribution of electric vehicles to the power system frequency control
  • 10.2.1 Theoretical background
  • 10.2.2 Case study
  • 10.3 Contribution of electric vehicles to voltage control
  • 10.3.1 Theoretical background
  • 10.3.2 Unbalanced three-phase power flow
  • 10.3.3 Contribution of electric vehicles to voltage control
  • 10.3.4 Case study
  • 10.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Inspec keywords: power generation economics; voltage control; electric vehicles; energy storage; renewable energy sources; synchronous generators; distributed power generation; power grids

Other keywords: current electric power systems; EV; renewable electricity generation; penetration level; power system ancillary services; electric vehicles; conventional synchronous generation; steady growth; appropriate electronic converters; supplementary equipment; energy consumption; renewable generators; system weakness; system that increase; distributed energy storage; wave energies; ancillary services provision; wind

Subjects: Power system management, operation and economics; Distributed power generation; Synchronous machines; Transportation; Control of electric power systems; Voltage control

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