West Coast distance charge programs: an open market as the gateway to implementation in the United States

West Coast distance charge programs: an open market as the gateway to implementation in the United States

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Now known are the technologies, systems and many of the appropriate policies for adopting and implementing a fully functioning, operational distance charge system for light vehicles in the United States, alongside emergence of a supporting commercial market. As this article notes, many US states are headed in this direction especially in the western part of the nation. The new US federal grant program greatly assists the states in these investigations. The next steps toward a distance charge mandate in the United States are, in essence, political. As the general public and policy makers in the United States gain more intimate knowledge of distance charge models, political support should improve (provided the public continues to accept the longstanding user pays policy for road funding). If during this process, discovery of additional helpful technological, systemic or policy measures occurs, states will adopt them and further improve the chances for adoption of a mandate for distance charging in the near term. Widespread, mandated distance charging in the United States is not that far away.

Chapter Contents:

  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Context for distance charge activities in the United States
  • 18.3 Legislative direction of distance charge policy development and technical research and development
  • 18.3.1 Oregon
  • 18.3.2 California
  • 18.3.3 Washington State
  • 18.4 Pacific Coast distance charge programs
  • 18.4.1 Oregon's road usage charge program
  • 18.4.2 California's road charge pilot program
  • 18.4.3 Washington State's road usage charge pilot program
  • 18.5 Commonalities and differences among the Oregon, California and Washington distance charge programs
  • 18.5.1 An open market
  • 18.5.2 Distance traveled reporting methods
  • 18.6 Other Western States' distance charge pilots and authorities
  • 18.6.1 Colorado road usage charge pilot program
  • 18.6.2 Hawaii road usage charge pilot program
  • 18.6.3 Utah
  • 18.7 Key issues for distance charge programs in the United States17
  • 18.7.1 Issues essentially resolved or substantially calmed
  • Complexity of implementation and difficulty of operations
  • Simplicity of compliance
  • Scalability and flexibility for policy adaptions
  • Evolution of technologies and business systems
  • Privacy protection
  • 18.7.2 Issue requiring continual management
  • Security
  • 18.7.3 Issues for later resolution
  • Interoperability
  • Non-resident driving
  • 18.7.4 Issues determined by legislatures
  • Equity by income group, geography and vehicle type
  • Enforcement
  • Cost of administration
  • Transition
  • 18.8 Impact of the US Federal STSFA grant program on distance charging
  • 18.9 Awards for predevelopment of new pilots
  • 18.9.1 Minnesota
  • 18.9.2 Missouri
  • 18.9.3 Western Road Usage charge consortium (RUC West)
  • 18.9.4 I-95 Corridor Coalition
  • 18.10 Planning for mandatory road usage charging in the United States
  • 18.11 Strategic engagement and political acceptance
  • 18.12 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: road traffic; road pricing (tolls)

Other keywords: distance charge system; West Coast distance charge programs; road funding; United States; political support

Subjects: Systems theory applications in economics and business; Systems theory applications in transportation

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