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Aeronautical air-ground data communications: current and future trends

Aeronautical air-ground data communications: current and future trends

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The aeronautical industry is evolving toward the Intelligent Transport System paradigm. Those changes are led in part by framework projects such as SESAR (Single European Sky Air traffic management Research) directed by Eurocontrol and NextGen (Next Generation Air Transportation System) directed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Those two projects aim at integrating 4D trajectories, that is space-time trajectories, in flight planning and to develop System Wide Information Management (SWIM) services. Those two concepts will allow for better planning of flights and hence reductions in fuel usage, flight costs and delays for users. These innovations will require communication systems allowing efficient information sharing and transmission between aircraft and ground systems. Until recently air-ground communications consisted in analog voice communications. More recently new cellular and satellite systems were deployed that allow digital data communication between the different stakeholders of the air traffic activities (i.e., air traffic control (ATC), airlines and their pilots). This chapter presents the current state of aeronautical communications in Section 18.1 and then turns to recent solutions that are proposed in research projects in Section 18.2.

Chapter Contents:

  • 18.1 Aeronautical air-ground data communications
  • 18.1.1 Overview
  • 18.1.2 Current communication systems
  • 18.2 Future trends
  • 18.2.1 Aeronautical ad hoc network
  • 18.2.2 Shifting the communication paradigm in AANET
  • References

Inspec keywords: information management; aircraft communication; intelligent transportation systems; data communication; air traffic control

Other keywords: flight planning; Federal Aviation Administration; Eurocontrol; digital data communication; analog voice communications; SWIM services; Single European Sky Air traffic management Research; Next Generation Air Transportation System; air-ground communications; aeronautical communications; ATC; FAA; intelligent transport system paradigm; information sharing; satellite systems; SESAR; system wide information management services; information transmission; NextGen; cellular systems; aeronautical industry; space-time trajectories

Subjects: Mobile radio systems; Air traffic control

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