Your browser does not support JavaScript!

Optical observations of nonoperational satellites in graveyard orbits

Optical observations of nonoperational satellites in graveyard orbits

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy chapter PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 chapters for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
Advances in Communications Satellite Systems: Proceedings of the 37th International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC-2019) — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) plans to launch Engineering Test Satellite-9 (ETS-9) in the geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) in 2021. When the operation of a GEO satellite is terminated, it must be removed from the GEO protected region and maneuvered to a graveyard orbit. For example, ETS-8, former generation of ETS-9, ended its operation as planned in 2017 and moved to a graveyard orbit. Wideband Inter Networking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite (WINDS) suddenly ended its operation due to a communication error in 2019 and it could not be maneuvered to a graveyard orbit. From the above, we should be aware of the rotation of the objects not only in graveyard orbits but also of objects in GEO to ensure the safety of the operation of ETS-9 and also telecom, earth observation, and navigation satellites. In this study, we carried out optical observations for some of nonoperational satellites including ETS-8 and WINDS using a CCD camera attached to a 1-m telescope. We will report how to select the nonoperational satellites, the results of the optical observations, and the light curves of the satellites using photometry. As a result, we estimate the rotational status of the nonoperational satellites from the light curves.

Chapter Contents:

  • 43.1 Introduction
  • 43.2 Definition of graveyard orbit
  • 43.3 Methodology
  • 43.3.1 Optical system
  • 43.3.2 Selecting satellites
  • 43.4 Image processing
  • 43.4.1 Image processing with IRAF
  • 43.5 Observation
  • 43.5.1 Observation
  • 43.6 Photometry
  • 43.6.1 Photometry with IRAF
  • 43.7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Inspec keywords: artificial satellites; CCD image sensors

Other keywords: wideband internetworking engineering test and demonstration satellite; Engineering Test Satellite-9; rotational status estimation; GEO satellite; ETS-9; nonoperational satellites; telescope; earth observation; graveyard orbit; photometry; light curves; optical observations; CCD camera; ETS-8; WINDS; communication error; navigation satellites; geosynchronous Earth orbit; telecom

Subjects: Image sensors; Other topics in aerospace

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in

Optical observations of nonoperational satellites in graveyard orbits, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/books/te/pbte095e/PBTE095E_ch43-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/books/te/pbte095e/PBTE095E_ch43-2.gif

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address