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Disaster countermeasure experiments using WINDS and the response of 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes

Disaster countermeasure experiments using WINDS and the response of 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes

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Based on the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake, the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology has developed a mobile vehicle earth station for Wideband InterNetworking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite (WINDS) by which the emergency response organization itself can collect and transmit the latest damage situation in real-time while moving. Furthermore, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) has carried out disaster countermeasure experiments, such as providing added functions, necessary for disaster countermeasures for the mobile vehicle station while acquiring emergency response agencies' cooperation, such as municipalities and fire departments. When the Kumamoto earthquakes occurred in 2016, NICT dispatched the mobile vehicle station to Takamori Town, Kumamoto Prefecture, built an emergency network, and provided an Internet satellite line using WINDS through the Kashima Space Technology Center. This chapter will introduce the mobile vehicle earth station for WINDS, which we have developed aiming for disaster countermeasures after the Great East Japan Earthquake, the content of disaster countermeasure experiments, and the emergency network building and operation for the Kumamoto earthquakes in 2016.

Chapter Contents:

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Development of mobile vehicle earth station for WINDS
  • 3.3 Development of application based on mobile vehicle earth station for WINDS and demonstration experiment of disaster countermeasures
  • 3.3.1 Development of detection system of the road bump based on the mobile vehicle earth station for WINDS
  • 3.3.2 Mobile communication experiment between fire vehicles and WINDS mobile vehicle earth station
  • 3.3.3 Speech quality evaluation of voice communication system using WINDS
  • 3.4 Open experiment of disaster countermeasure
  • 3.4.1 Open experiment to build an emergency communication network by the cooperation of WINDS and a small unmanned aircraft on "Sanuki medical rally" and to collect and convey information
  • 3.4.2 Open experiment of the medical activity training at a large-scale earthquake in the government's comprehensive disaster preparation drill in 2016
  • 3.4.3 Open experiment on the 2016 comprehensive disaster preparation drill of Ehime Prefecture
  • 3.5 Response of 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes: building and operating emergency network based on WINDS
  • 3.5.1 Purpose of dispatch of NICT
  • 3.5.2 Emergency network building using WINDS, and usage conditions of the network
  • 3.6 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: emergency services; emergency management; satellite communication; disasters; artificial satellites; internetworking; earthquakes; Internet

Other keywords: disaster countermeasure experiments; Great East Japan Earthquake; Kumamoto Prefecture; emergency response organization; emergency response agencies; Kashima Space Technology Center; mobile vehicle station; 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes; NICT; emergency network building; mobile vehicle earth station

Subjects: Aerospace engineering computing; Satellite communication systems; Computer networks and techniques; Other computer networks; Public administration; Mobile radio systems; Computer communications

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