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On-chip antenna: challenges and design considerations

On-chip antenna: challenges and design considerations

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This chapter focuses on on-chip antennas (OCAs). The challenges associated with OCA design, implementation, and characterization are discussed in detail. In addition, this chapter highlights the research work that has been conducted in this field to date. This chapter concludes by proposing future research directions in the field of OCA.

Chapter Contents:

  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 On-chip antenna challenges
  • 6.2.1 Incompatible CMOS stack-up
  • Low radiation efficiency
  • Surface waves
  • 6.2.2 Co-design of circuits and on-chip antenna
  • Coupling effects between OCAs and circuits
  • Co-simulations of OCAs and circuits
  • 6.2.3 On-chip antenna layout issue
  • 6.2.4 On-chip antenna characterization
  • 6.3 On-chip antenna overview
  • 6.3.1 Gain and radiation efficiency enhancement
  • Modification of incompatible silicon substrate
  • On-chip reflecting surface
  • Superstrate
  • Focusing lens
  • 6.3.2 Co-simulation of OCAs and circuits
  • 6.3.3 Advance on-chip antenna characterization methods
  • 6.4 Emerging trends
  • 6.4.1 Drive toward higher frequencies reaching terahertz bands
  • 6.4.2 OCA becoming a key for biomedical wireless implants
  • 6.4.3 Advanced simulation platforms for codesign of OCAs and circuits
  • 6.4.4 Specialized CMOS process for OCA
  • References

Inspec keywords: printed circuits; integrated circuits; antennas

Other keywords: OCA design; on-chip antennas

Subjects: Single antennas; Printed circuits; Semiconductor integrated circuits

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