Combining FIWARE and IoT technologies for smart, small-scale farming: the case of QUHOMA platform architecture

Combining FIWARE and IoT technologies for smart, small-scale farming: the case of QUHOMA platform architecture

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This work aims to integrate the technical designs of Future Internet (FI) Architecture of the European Community (FIWARE) with state-of-the-art Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and the platform's business requirements and specifications for realizing efficient, small-scale qualitative, farming. An innovative business model is introduced through a set of offered services that are based on networking `things' and passing contextual data (information) to business entities to further process, distribute and monetise the derived knowledge to their organisations (farmers, agronomists/mentors, Quality Certification Bodies). All these follow, technologically, the IoT concept. A FIWARE-enabled platform exploits Future Intelligence's end-to-end standardised modern wireless sensor network (Future Intelligence's Internet of Things (FINoT)) that performs tedious tasks and makes field-data available anytime and `everywhere'. Everywhere currently means within the under-development community or for public use only under farmers' (on a per demand case) permissions. The platform enables access to the sensor data and facilitates process automation, resource management and data handling. The main target of the solution is to establish an ecosystem of technology services that lead to very specific business opportunities: a data consolidation mechanism acquiring data from different sensor controllers bought from various vendors. In that sense, the platform aims to continue the integration of FI-enabled software tools with emergent technologies, architectures and business concepts. Creativity and quality of usage of the Generic Enablers and FIWARE's Technology chapters is profound: the proposed solution takes advantage of the already built-in application programming interfaces and tools provided by the FIWARE platform, like the IoT/context chapter smoothly integrated with FINoT platform and co-developing outstanding B2B Marketplace opportunities (Business Framework) consumed through an ideal User Experience Web Environment. Overall, the agriculture marketplace and community's (QUalitative HOrticulture Marketplace) vision is to promote and reward quality and sustainable farming in fruit and vegetables' production by bringing together Internet of People with the IoT; a bridge realised by a proper business model.

Chapter Contents:

  • Abstract
  • List of acronyms
  • 9.1 Introduction - the WHAT
  • 9.2 The business project/ use case - the WHY
  • 9.2.1 The marketplace creation
  • Supply side
  • Demand side
  • 9.3 The technical approach - the HOW
  • 9.3.1 Interconnecting the generic enablers
  • FINoT platform introduction
  • Network architecture
  • Sensor DAQ framework
  • IEEE 1451.0
  • IEEE 1451.5
  • 9.3.2 FINoT devices
  • FINoT Node
  • FINoT S/AP
  • FINoT Gateway
  • 9.3.3 FIWARE interoperability
  • 9.3.4 FINoT deployment
  • Introduction
  • Minimum setup
  • Sensor types
  • 9.3.5 Service offerings in FIWARE
  • Business framework
  • 9.4 QUHOMA's Road Ahead for sustainability - the WHO and WHEN
  • 9.4.1 A brief exploration of market dynamics, interests and power potential over smart technologies in smart farming [3]
  • Similar market approaches from the IoT providers' side
  • 9.4.2 Lessons learned from the above and additional sources
  • Champion approach
  • 9.4.3 What is then proposed?
  • Who else can be engaged?
  • Key message for all involving parties
  • 9.5 Encouraging local adoption and use - the FOG case
  • 9.6 Conclusion - the WHERE
  • Acknowledgement
  • References
  • Online sources

Inspec keywords: software tools; data handling; business data processing; application program interfaces; wireless sensor networks; Internet of Things; farming; Internet

Other keywords: application programming interfaces; B2B marketplace; business framework; sensor controllers; qualitative horticulture marketplace; IoT technology; future intelligence end-to-end standardised modern wireless sensor network; data handling; FINoT platform; QUHOMA platform architecture; sensor data; future Internet architecture of the European community; vegetable production; FI-enabled software tools; user experience Web environment; platform business requirements; Internet of Things; resource management; innovative business model; smart small-scale qualitative farming; generic enablers; future intelligence Internet of Things; data consolidation mechanism; FIWARE-enabled platform; process automation

Subjects: Manufacturing and industrial administration; General utility programs; Business applications of IT; Data handling techniques; Other computer networks; Wireless sensor networks; Agriculture, forestry and fisheries computing; Computer communications; Agriculture; Programming support

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