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Coding of moving pictures for digital storage media (MPEG-1)

Coding of moving pictures for digital storage media (MPEG-1)

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MPEG-l is the first generation of video codecs proposed by the Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as a standard to provide video coding for digital storage media (DSM), such as compact disc (CD), digital audio tape (DAT), Winchester discs and optical drives. This development was in response to industry needs for an efficient way of storing visual information on storage media other than the conventional ana logue video cassette recorders (VCRs). At the time the CD-ROMs had the capability of 648 Mbytes, sufficient to accommodate movie programmes at a rate of approximately 1.2 Mbit/s, and the MPEG standard aimed to conform roughly to this target. Although in most applications the MPEG-l video bit rate is in the range of 1-1.5 Mbit/s, the international standard does not limit the bit rate, and higher bit rates might be used for other applications.

Inspec keywords: media streaming; video coding; video codecs; digital storage; CD-ROMs; storage media

Other keywords: CD; Motion Picture Experts Group; digital storage media; DAT; MPEG-1; digital audio tape; compact disc; bit rate 1 Mbit/s to 1.5 Mbit/s; analogue VCR; video coding; CD-ROM; visual information storage; analogue video cassette recorder; video codec; optical drive; moving picture coding; Winchester disc; byte rate 648 MByte/s

Subjects: Multimedia communications

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