Lightning protection of wind power systems

Lightning protection of wind power systems

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This chapter begins with an introduction to wind power generators and their components from the perspective of lightning protection. It continues with an overview of lightning occurrence in relation to wind turbines. It then presents the mechanisms of lightning damage to wind turbines, their classification and statistics, before reviewing and discussing the protection of the most sensitive components. The chapter ends with an introduction to lightning surges in wind farms

Chapter Contents:

  • 8.1 Wind turbine components and overview of the lightning protection system
  • 8.2 Lightning phenomenology and wind turbines
  • 8.2.1 Interaction with downward lightning
  • 8.2.2 Upward lightning
  • 8.3 Lightning damage to wind turbines due to direct impacts
  • 8.3.1 Lightning damage mechanisms
  • 8.3.2 Overview of types of lightning damage to wind turbines
  • Classification and examples of types of lightning damage to blades
  • 8.3.3 Statistics on lightning damage to wind turbines
  • 8.4 Lightning protection of wind turbine components
  • 8.4.1 Blades
  • 8.4.2 Consideration of CFRP in blades and other components
  • 8.4.3 Other components: hub, bearings and nacelle
  • 8.4.4 Overvoltages caused by direct lightning
  • 8.5 Overvoltages in wind farms
  • 8.5.1 Structure of wind farms
  • 8.5.2 Sources of lightning overvoltages in wind farms: the back-flow surge
  • References

Inspec keywords: lightning protection; wind turbines; wind power plants

Other keywords: wind turbines; wind power generators; wind farms; lightning occurrence; lightning damage; sensitive components; wind power systems; lightning protection

Subjects: Wind power plants; Power system protection

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