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Solar energy generation technology for small homes

Solar energy generation technology for small homes

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This chapter presents concentrating collector-based technologies for capturing solar energy that may be utilized to produce power for energizing small homes (remotely located). The various types of existing solar thermal concentrating collectors, energy receivers of various shapes, sizes, and materials for selective surfaces, thermal energy storage systems, solar-powered heat engines, e.g., Stirling engine, solar-Rankine heat engine, solar-Brayton engine, are also presented thereof. The renewable hybrid technologies, e.g., solar power integration with biogas, geothermal and wind energy along with its advantages as well as limitations are discussed. It concludes with the challenges need to be faced in remote regions.

Chapter Contents:

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.1.1 Solar thermal power plant
  • 5.2 Power generation technology—An overview
  • 5.2.1 Classification of concentrating solar power collector systems
  • 5.2.1.1 Cylindrical parabolic trough type collector
  • 5.2.1.2 Linear Fresnel collector
  • 5.2.1.3 Central receiver collector or solar tower
  • 5.2.1.4 Parabolic dish collector
  • 5.2.2 Concentrating solar power (CSP) technology comparison
  • 5.2.3 Advantages of CSP technologies
  • 5.2.4 Classification of concentrating solar power receiver systems
  • 5.3 Thermal energy storage
  • 5.3.1 Types of energy storage
  • 5.3.1.1 Sensible energy storage
  • 5.3.1.2 Latent heat storage
  • 5.3.1.3 Thermochemical energy storage
  • 5.3.1.4 Advantages of thermal energy storage in the case of CSP generation
  • 5.4 Solar-powered heat engines
  • 5.4.1 Stirling engine
  • 5.4.1.1 Working/operation
  • 5.4.1.2 Advantages of Stirling engine
  • 5.4.1.3 Types of Stirling engine
  • 5.4.2 Solar-Rankine cycle
  • 5.4.3 Solar-Brayton cycle
  • 5.5 Integration of solar to thermal power with the conventional generating unit
  • 5.5.1 Low renewable energy hybrid technologies
  • 5.5.1.1 Solar-Brayton cycles
  • 5.5.1.2 Solar-assisted coal power units
  • 5.5.1.3 Integrated solar combined cycles (ISCC)
  • 5.5.2 Medium-renewable hybrids
  • 5.5.3 High renewable hybrid technologies
  • 5.5.3.1 Concentrating solar power-biogas
  • 5.5.3.2 Concentrating solar power-geothermal
  • 5.5.3.3 Concentrating solar power-wind
  • 5.5.4 Advantages of hybridization of solar power systems with other technologies
  • 5.6 Concluding remarks
  • 5.6.1 Ways to improve the efficiency of solar-based power plant/efficiency improvement
  • 5.6.2 Challenges/limitations of concentrating power technology in remote as well as desert regions
  • 5.7 Summary
  • References

Inspec keywords: geothermal power; heat engines; thermal energy storage; wind power; solar absorber-convertors; biofuel

Other keywords: Stirling engine; wind energy; renewable hybrid technologies; energy receivers; concentrating collector-based technologies; solar-powered heat engines; solar-Rankine heat engine; solar thermal concentrating collectors; solar-Brayton engine; geothermal energy; biogas; small homes; thermal energy storage systems; solar energy generation technology; remotely located homes

Subjects: Photothermal conversion; Solar energy; Thermal energy conversion (heat engines and heat pumps); Storage in thermal energy

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