Offshore energy storage

Offshore energy storage

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This chapter focuses on energy storage situated offshore. Large amounts have already been written on energy storage generally and there would be little value in adding to these outputs. However, there are good justifications in concentrating specifically on storing energy offshore. First, the environment is rather special and it provides resources that may be helpful for energy storage. These resources include (a) hydrostatic head between surface and seabed that may sometimes be large, (b) an effectively infinite amount of thermal ballast enabling a stable reference temperature to be maintained and (c) an unlimited supply of saltwater that may be useful for electrolysis to support hydrogen production. Second, energy storage at the site of renewable energy generation potentially makes better use of expensive electricity transmission lines joining the generation to consumption. Finally, there are opportunities for integrating storage with the primary harvesting of energy that can afford substantial effective reductions in cost and increases in effective performance.

Chapter Contents:

  • 9.1 Underwater compressed air energy storage
  • 9.1.1 How much exergy is stored per unit volume of air containment
  • 9.1.2 Corrections for air density and non-ideal gas behaviour
  • 9.1.3 Structural capacity and its relevance to energy storage
  • 9.1.4 Exergy versus structural capacity for underwater containments
  • 9.1.5 The air ducts
  • 9.1.6 Using thermal storage in conjunction with air storage
  • 9.1.7 An example system design
  • 9.1.8 Sites available for UWCAES
  • 9.2 Offshore pumped hydro
  • 9.2.1 Exergy storage density for UWPH
  • 9.2.2 Key distinctions between UWPH and UWCAES
  • 9.2.3 The EC2SC ratio for UWPH
  • 9.3 Buoyancy energy storage systems
  • 9.4 Offshore thermal energy storage systems
  • 9.5 Other concepts
  • 9.6 Integrating offshore energy storage with generation
  • References

Inspec keywords: power generation planning; hydrostatics; renewable energy sources; power generation economics; cost reduction; energy harvesting; energy storage; hydrogen production; electrolysis; offshore installations

Other keywords: stable reference temperature; offshore energy storage; hydrostatic head; hydrogen production; energy harvesting; cost reductions; thermal ballast; saltwater electrolysis; electricity transmission lines; renewable energy generation

Subjects: Energy harvesting; Power system planning and layout; Power system management, operation and economics; Energy storage; Other energy storage; Energy harvesting

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