Carbon capture and storage

Carbon capture and storage

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The process of carbon capture and storage (CCS) refers to the isolation of carbon dioxide from generation by gas or coal-fired generation and storing it rather than discharging it to the atmosphere. The CO2 is extracted and piped to a storage facility. This may be a partially depleted oil field where it is used to facilitate enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Figure 7.1 shows a typical installation where the natural gas is fed into a reformer and capture plant where it is separated into CO2 and hydrogen using specially developed membranes. The CO2 is pumped into the offshore oilfield to enhance oil recovery or an offshore aquifer. The remaining hydrogen fuels a gas-fired power station producing clean electricity without CO2 emissions.

Chapter Contents:

  • 7.1 The process
  • 7.2 Design options
  • 7.3 CCS economics
  • 7.4 Operational schemes
  • 7.5 The case for CCS
  • 7.6 Conclusions

Inspec keywords: steam power stations; offshore installations; carbon compounds; natural gas technology; carbon capture and storage

Other keywords: CCS process; coal-fired generation; hydrogen fuels; gas-fired power station; clean electricity; natural gas; gas-fired generation; CO2; carbon capture and storage; offshore oil field; offshore aquifer; storage facility; enhanced oil recovery; carbon dioxide isolation; partially depleted oil field; EOR

Subjects: Steam power stations and plants; Pollution detection and control; Carbon storage/sequestration (environmental science technology)

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