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Distributed real-time simulations for electric power engineering

Distributed real-time simulations for electric power engineering

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Real-Time Simulations (RTS) are increasingly being used to understand the complex device and system level interactions in power grids. RTS provides the capability to create detailed, highly accurate, and diverse set of power and control system components at low time steps (order of microseconds) that are based on “real-world clock-time.” RT simulator is a unique architecture with specialized processors and communication boards that allow time synchronization of simulations and the clocktime. Lean operating systems, specialized processors, faster communications, etc. are the typical attributes of RT simulators. RT simulators provide a unique capability of interfacing with power and control components via analog and digital interfaces. However, RT simulators have limited computational capability that constrains the size of power and control systems that can be simulated. Multiple simulators connected locally is typically used to increase the computation capability, however this is not always economical. Additionally, RT simulators are used at facilities with unique test infrastructure in the form of grid emulators, inverters, photovoltaic, wind turbine, microgrids, etc. Performing distributed RTS via Internet can augment simulation capacity and leverage unique infrastructure that is dispersed in academia and research laboratories. Research related to distributed RTS and its application in electric power engineering is discussed in this chapter.

Chapter Contents:

  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Distributed real-time simulations
  • 17.2.1 Philosophy of distributed real-time simulation
  • 17.2.2 Transmission-distribution-communication co-simulation
  • 17.3 Historical efforts in distributed RTS
  • 17.3.1 Remote testing and distributed simulation based on the virtual test-bed
  • 17.3.2 Multiple university research initiative
  • 17.3.3 Cyber-security test-bed and testing
  • 17.3.4 Geographically distributed thermo-electric co-simulation
  • 17.3.5 A modular architecture for virtually interconnected laboratories
  • 17.3.6 Automotive engineering application
  • 17.4 Systematic approach toward distributed real-time simulations
  • 17.4.1 Objectives and assumptions
  • 17.4.2 Impacts of data latency
  • 17.5 Distributed RTS between INL and NREL
  • 17.5.1 Experimental setup
  • 17.5.2 Latency analysis between INL and NREL
  • 17.5.3 Simulation results
  • 17.6 Modular architecture for interconnected laboratories
  • 17.6.1 Generic design approach
  • 17.6.2 Hybrid interface design
  • 17.7 Applications of distributed real-time simulations
  • 17.7.1 Wind and hydropower research
  • 17.7.2 Hydrogen applications in power systems research
  • 17.8 Concluding remarks and future work
  • References

Inspec keywords: wind turbines; invertors; distributed power generation; power grids; power system simulation; synchronisation; operating systems (computers); real-time systems

Other keywords: communication boards; wind turbine; complex device; analog-digital interfaces; grid emulators; distributed RTS; inverters; system level interaction; computational capability; control system component; Internet; time synchronization; power grids; RT simulator; RTS; power system component; microgrids; distributed real-time simulation; lean operating systems; real-world clock-time; electric power engineering; simulation capacity

Subjects: Power engineering computing; Operating systems; Wind power plants; Distributed power generation

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