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Silicon photonics enabled rack-scale many-core systems

Silicon photonics enabled rack-scale many-core systems

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The increasingly higher demands on computing power from scientific computations, big data processing and deep learning are pushing the emergence of exascale computing systems. Tens of thousands of or even more manycore nodes are connected to build such systems. It imposes huge performance and power challenges on different aspects of the systems. As a basic block in high-performance computing systems, modularized rack will play a significant role in addressing these challenges. In this chapter, we introduce rack-scale optical networks (RSON), a silicon photonics enabled inter/intra-chip network for rack-scale many-core systems. RSON leverages the fact that most traffic is within rack and the high bandwidth and low-latency rack-scale optical network can improve both performance and energy efficiency. We codesign the intra-chip and inter-chip optical networks together with optical internode interface to provide balanced data access to both local memory and remote note's memory, making the nodes within rack cooperate effectively. The evaluations show that RSON can improve the overall performance and energy efficiency dramatically. Specifically, RSON can deliver as much as 5.4x more performance under the same energy consumption compared to traditional InfiniBand connected rack.

Chapter Contents:

  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Related work
  • 18.3 RSON architecture
  • 18.3.1 Architecture overview
  • 18.3.2 ONoC design
  • 18.3.3 Internode interface
  • 18.3.4 Bidirectional and sharable optical transceiver
  • 18.4 Communication flow and arbitration
  • 18.4.1 Communication flow
  • 18.4.2 Optical switch control scheme
  • 18.4.3 Channel partition
  • 18.4.4 ONoC control subsystem
  • 18.5 Evaluations
  • 18.5.1 Performance evaluation
  • 18.5.2 Interconnection energy efficiency
  • 18.5.3 Latency analysis
  • 18.6 Conclusions and future directions
  • References

Inspec keywords: optical interconnections; multiprocessing systems; parallel architectures; integrated optoelectronics

Other keywords: energy consumption; RSON; modularized rack; computing power; silicon photonics enabled rack-scale many-core systems; rack-scale optical networks; manycore nodes; high-performance computing systems; optical internode interface; inter/intra-chip network; exascale computing systems

Subjects: Integrated optoelectronics; Optical computing techniques; Multiprocessing systems; Optical computers, logic elements, and interconnects; Optical logic devices and optical computing techniques; Parallel architecture

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