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Innovations in medical robotics: surgery, logistics, disinfection, and telepresence

Innovations in medical robotics: surgery, logistics, disinfection, and telepresence

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Robots are taking on more significant roles in modern healthcare. With their con-stantly advancing capabilities, robotics can improve medical care. Robotics has the precision to perform the most careful procedures, such as those required for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Robotics can enhance productivity by allowing people to focus on clinical decision-making tasks rather than on non-value-added tasks, such as in logistics and delivery of supplies. Advances in artificial intelligence (Al) and human-machine interfaces offer opportunities for robots to engage with patients at an emotional level and to provide companionship or service. A grand vision for medical robotics is one where devices are fully decen-tralized, connected seamlessly via health informatics systems and networks to provide continuity of patient care across the entire health-care continuum. This chapter provides examples of key areas of innovation and growth in medical robotics. Each section describes the trends, exemplified with cases, design and implementation challenges, and future opportunities.

Chapter Contents:

  • 8.1 The medical robotics landscape
  • 8.2 Surgery
  • 8.2.1 Design challenges
  • 8.2.1.1 Instrumentation
  • 8.2.1.2 Visualization
  • 8.2.1.3 Sensing
  • 8.2.1.4 Integration
  • 8.2.1.5 Human–machine interactions
  • 8.2.2 New directions in surgical robotics
  • 8.3 Logistics
  • 8.3.1 Vecna QC Bot
  • 8.3.2 Aethon TUG
  • 8.3.3 Interhospital delivery by drones
  • 8.3.4 Challenges
  • 8.4 Disinfection robots
  • 8.4.1 Pathogen disinfection
  • 8.4.2 UV disinfection as an ideal robotic occupation
  • 8.4.3 Examples of UV sterilizing robots
  • 8.4.3.1 Xenex
  • 8.4.3.2 Blue Ocean Robotics
  • 8.4.3.3 Skytron—infection prevention technologies
  • 8.4.3.4 Steris Pathogon
  • 8.4.3.5 UV emitting floor sterilization vacuums
  • 8.4.4 Challenges
  • 8.5 Telepresence
  • 8.5.1 Telepresence
  • 8.5.1.1 Double Robotics
  • 8.5.1.2 Suitable Technologies
  • 8.5.1.3 iRobot AVA500 and RP-Vita
  • 8.5.1.4 InTouch Health
  • 8.5.1.5 Vecna VGo
  • 8.5.2 Customer service
  • 8.5.2.1 Advanced Kiosks
  • 8.5.2.2 LifeBot Triage
  • 8.5.2.3 Vecna Kiosks
  • 8.5.3 Challenges
  • 8.6 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: decision making; artificial intelligence; man-machine systems; patient care; telemedicine; surgery; logistics; medical robotics

Other keywords: nonvalue-added tasks; health informatics systems; telepresence; disinfection; human-machine interfaces; medical robotics; artificial intelligence; clinical decision-making tasks; patient care; minimally invasive surgery; logistics

Subjects: Biomedical communication; Biological and medical control systems; Patient care and treatment; Robotics; Patient care and treatment

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