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Far-field prediction combining simulations with near-field measurements for EMI assessment of PCBs

Far-field prediction combining simulations with near-field measurements for EMI assessment of PCBs

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Using near-field (NF) scan data to predict the far-field (FF) behaviour of radiating electronic systems represents a novel method to accompany the whole RF design process. This approach involves so-called Huygens' box as an efficient radiation model inside an electromagnetic (EM) simulation tool and then transforms the scanned NF measured data into the FF. For this, the basic idea of the Huygens'box principle and the NF-to-FF transformation are briefly presented. The NF is measured on the Huygens' box around a device under test using anNF scanner, recording the magnitude and phase of the site-related magnetic and electric components. A comparison between a fullwave simulation and the measurement results shows a good similarity in both the NF and the simulated and transformed FF.Thus, this method is applicable to predict the FF behaviour of any electronic system by measuring the NF. With this knowledge, the RF design can be improved due to allowing a significant reduction of EM compatibility failure at the end of the development flow. In addition, the very efficient FF radiation model can be used for detailed investigations in various environments and the impact of such an equivalent radiation source on other electronic systems can be assessed.

Chapter Contents:

  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Near-field scanning fundamentals
  • 14.2.1 Near-and far-field definition
  • 14.2.2 Radiation pattern
  • 14.2.3 Near-field scanner system
  • 14.2.4 Basic probes for near-field scanning
  • 14.2.5 Near-field scanner NFS3000
  • 14.3 Theoretical basics of near-to-far-field transformation
  • 14.3.1 Introduction
  • 14.3.2 Maxwell's equations
  • 14.3.3 Material equations
  • 14.3.4 Electromagnetic boundary conditions
  • 14.3.5 Formulations for radiation
  • 14.3.6 Surface equivalence theorem
  • 14.3.7 Surface equivalence theorem for the NFS environment
  • 14.4 Near-field-to-far-field transformation using the Huygens' box principle
  • 14.4.1 Huygens' box measurement
  • 14.4.2 Validation example and setup
  • 14.4.3 Near-field results
  • 14.4.4 Near-field-to-far-field transformation
  • Without phase relation
  • With phase relation
  • 14.5 Extended use of the near-field scan
  • 14.6 Conclusion
  • References

Inspec keywords: electromagnetic compatibility; electromagnetic fields; printed circuits; electromagnetic interference; magnetic field measurement; electromagnetic waves

Other keywords: Huygens' box; NF-to-FF transformation; efficient FF radiation model; FF behaviour; EMI assessment; PCB; near-field measurements; efficient radiation model; far-field behaviour; RF design process; far-field prediction; Huygens'box principle; fullwave simulation; electronic system radiation; equivalent radiation source; electromagnetic simulation tool; near-field scan data; EM compatibility failure reduction

Subjects: Electromagnetic compatibility and interference; Magnetic variables measurement; Printed circuits

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