Dynamic monopulse radar sensor for indoor positioning and surgical instrument positioning

Dynamic monopulse radar sensor for indoor positioning and surgical instrument positioning

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In this Chapter, we propose a novel dynamic monopulse radar (DMR) sensor with new localizing algorithm for both indoor positioning and surgical instrument positioning. The proposed DMR system consists of a steerable comparator, RSSI modules, and a microcontrol unit (MCU). Based on the engagement between radar techniques and phased array techniques, this proposed system can provide two-dimensional (2-D) angulation positioning using only a single positioning node.

Chapter Contents:

  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Indoor positioning system
  • 7.2.1 Selecting-and-averaging algorithm
  • 7.2.2 2-D positioning concept
  • 7.2.3 System hardware design
  • 2-D steerable comparator
  • Circular-polarized antenna array
  • RSSI module and MCU
  • Positioning tag
  • 7.2.4 Multipath interference analysis
  • 7.2.5 Indoor positioning demonstration
  • 7.3 Surgical instrument positioning system
  • 7.3.1 Design consideration
  • 7.3.2 Peak-tracking algorithm
  • 7.3.3 Hardware design
  • 7.3.4 Surgical instrument positioning demonstration
  • 7.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Inspec keywords: radar applications; position measurement; surgery; biomedical equipment; indoor navigation; radionavigation

Other keywords: phased array techniques; steerable comparator; RSSI modules; target position sensing; DMR system; localizing algorithm; dynamic monopulse radar sensor; indoor positioning; two-dimensional angular positioning; radar techniques; microcontrol unit; surgical instrument positioning

Subjects: Radar equipment, systems and applications; Microwaves and other electromagnetic waves (biomedical imaging/measurement); Spatial variables measurement; Radionavigation and direction finding; Patient care and treatment

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