Direct torque control of PM synchronous motor drives

Direct torque control of PM synchronous motor drives

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This chapter describes the direct torque control (DTC) technique for permanent magnet synchronous motors/machines (PMSMs). The DTC technique has evolved much since mid-1980s when a less complex, cheaper and potentially faster method of torque and flux control than the pre-existing rotor flux-oriented vector control (RFOCNC) for induction machines first emerged. The DTC technique is based on closed-loop regulation of torque and stator flux linkage obtained from estimators using voltage vectors and currents in the stator reference frame and the machine model. Drive dynamics under DTC control is as fast and can be faster than that under RFOCNC in which rotor position sensing is used for exercising control in the rotor reference frame. This chapter starts with a brief review of the context of these developments, including the underlying theory (which had existed prior) and methods that have been used to apply DTC to PMSMs. Some comparative evaluations are included that may help researchers and engineers to further develop the method and apply it to high-performance PMSM drives in various applications.

Chapter Contents:

  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.1.1 The PMSM model and RFOC
  • 10.1.2 Current control trajectories for PMSM [8,9]
  • 10.1.3 Field weakening under voltage limit
  • 10.2 DTC for PMSM
  • 10.2.1 Voltage space vector selection [10,11]
  • 10.2.2 Stability criteria for DTC
  • 10.2.3 Torque and flux linkage control of a PMSM by applying voltage vectors
  • 10.3 DTC with fixed switching frequency and reduced torque and flux ripple
  • 10.4 Closed-loop flux and torque estimation
  • 10.5 Control trajectories with DTC [10,11]
  • 10.5.1 The MTPA trajectory under DTC
  • 10.5.2 Current and voltage trajectories in the T-λs plane
  • 10.5.3 Performance of PMSM under DTC with trajectory following
  • 10.6 Summary
  • List of symbols
  • Glossary of terms
  • References
  • General reading on DTC

Inspec keywords: torque control; rotors; stators; magnetic flux; synchronous motor drives; machine vector control; permanent magnet motors; closed loop systems

Other keywords: DTC technique; permanent magnet synchronous motors; direct torque control; machine model; rotor reference frame; flux control; stator reference frame; drive dynamics; high-performance PMSM drives; closed-loop regulation; voltage vectors; permanent magnet synchronous machines; stator flux linkage; PM synchronous motor drives

Subjects: Synchronous machines; Drives; Control of electric power systems; Mechanical variables control

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