Smart fabric sensor architectures and technologies

Smart fabric sensor architectures and technologies

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This chapter presents a possible path towards fully wearable and fabric-based electronic platforms. It provides an overview of materials and methods in the field of smart fabrics and e-textiles with the perspective of achieving fabric-based standalone platforms. Electronic components, interconnects and sensors can be made out of fabric and polymeric materials. Smart fabric sensors can measure force, pressure, strain, temperature and chemicals, among other parameters. Fabric power elements compatible with textile platforms are found in textile capacitors, supercapacitors, solar cells and energy-harvesting components. All these elements can be integrated such that a complete sensing and electronics platform is primarily made of compliant materials. Flexible macroelectronics technologies have a direct impact on wearables and development of functionalized textiles.

Chapter Contents:

  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.1.1 Fabric origins and e-textile construction
  • 5.1.2 Fabric structure characteristics relevant to e-textile construction
  • 5.2 Creating an all-fabric-based e-textile system
  • 5.2.1 Passive and active circuit elements
  • 5.2.2 Fabric sensors
  • 5.2.3 Connectors and interconnects
  • 5.2.4 Thermal considerations
  • 5.2.5 Power dissipation
  • 5.3 Fabric power elements
  • 5.3.1 Textile supercapacitors
  • 5.3.2 Photovoltaic cells
  • 5.3.3 Energy-harvesting technologies embedded in fabrics
  • 5.4 Technologies related to the development of smart fabrics
  • 5.4.1 Fabric circuitry and macroelectronics
  • 5.4.2 Encapsulation and environmental considerations
  • 5.5 Conclusions
  • References

Inspec keywords: fabrics; temperature measurement; strain sensors; intelligent sensors; strain measurement; interconnections; chemical sensors; chemical variables measurement; force sensors; force measurement; pressure sensors; pressure measurement

Other keywords: smart fabric sensor architecture; supercapacitor; textile capacitor; strain measurement; polymeric material; force measurement; temperature measurement; wearable fabric-based electronic platform; pressure measurement; flexible macroelectronics technology; chemical measurement; energy-harvesting component; interconnection; solar cell

Subjects: Mechanical variables measurement; Pressure and vacuum measurement; Metallisation and interconnection technology; Chemical sensors; Intelligent sensors; Thermal variables measurement; Chemical variables measurement

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