Inspec keywords: biomedical measurement; bone; biomedical optical imaging; deformation; needles; orthopaedics; biological tissues; biomechanics; finite element analysis; Young's modulus

Other keywords: Young's modulus; porcine ligamentum flavum; epidural needle insertion; porcine spines; human ligamentum flavum; vertebral bones; insertion resistance

Subjects: Patient care and treatment; Optical and laser radiation (biomedical imaging/measurement); Patient diagnostic methods and instrumentation; Mechanical properties of tissues and organs; Patient care and treatment; Optical and laser radiation (medical uses)