Inspec keywords: search problems; data mining; design engineering; statistical analysis; computational fluid dynamics; drag reduction; numerical analysis; aerodynamics; optimisation; vehicle dynamics

Other keywords: four-dimensional aerodynamic drag reduction design; data mining technologies; vehicle drag reduction method; original vehicle; global optimum; design variables; computationally expensive black box problem; global optimisation algorithm; vehicle aerodynamic shape optimisation; computational fluid dynamics numerical simulation technology; EGO algorithm; low efficiency; minimum function evaluations; global optimisation process; engine hood inclination; tail upturn angle

Subjects: Applied fluid mechanics; Optimisation; Statistics; Numerical approximation and analysis; Fluid mechanics and aerodynamics (mechanical engineering); Vehicle mechanics; Numerical analysis; General fluid dynamics theory, simulation and other computational methods