Inspec keywords: cooling; pipes; finite element analysis; temperature distribution; HVDC power transmission; submarine cables

Other keywords: bipolar double pipe; temperature field simulation; voltage 500.0 kV; three-dimensional mode; suitable cooling mode; cooling pipe; temperature field distribution; cooling modes; tiny circulating water velocity; 500 kV HVDC cable; high-voltage direct current cable thermal cycling test; 500 kV HVDC submarine cable; bipolar double tube cooling mode; heat dissipation; temperature distribution; HVDC submarine cables; current carrying ampacity; bipolar single pipe; thermal-fluid coupled model

Subjects: Numerical approximation and analysis; Finite element analysis; Numerical analysis; Heat and thermodynamic processes (mechanical engineering)