Inspec keywords: stochastic programming; hybrid electric vehicles; energy management systems; optimal control; dynamic programming

Other keywords: stochastic dynamic programming policy iteration; k-mean clustering algorithm; real-time energy management strategy; GT-suite HEV simulator; adaptive equivalent consumption minimization strategy; simple traffic recognition; A-ECMS; state-of-charge; stochastic optimal control problem; adaptive equivalence factor; time-varying traffic information; traffic information recognition; proper equivalent factor; current traffic situation; real-time performance; cluster statistical characteristic; historical traffic data; hybrid electric vehicles; fuel consumption performance; real-time energy management controller online; commute HEVs

Subjects: Power system management, operation and economics; Control of electric power systems; Optimisation techniques; Optimal control; Optimisation techniques; Transportation