Inspec keywords: energy management systems; electric vehicles; supercapacitors; traction

Other keywords: peak power; energy management strategies; electrochemical batteries; electric vehicles; distribution input; switching strategy; HESS; flexible real-time control; hardware-in-the-loop simulation; frequency strategy; battery lifetime; hybrid energy storage system; energetic macroscopic representation; traction system; supercapacitors

Subjects: Power system management, operation and economics; Other energy storage; Control of electric power systems; Transportation; Transportation system control