Inspec keywords: hidden Markov models; handwriting recognition; image classification; natural language processing

Other keywords: left-to-right hidden Markov models; medium-sized vocabularies; subjective error analysis; small-sized vocabularies; handwritten Farsi word recognition; Iranshahr 3; error diversity; right-to-left hidden Markov models; combined RtL-LtR HMMs; classification error; Iranian cities

Subjects: Computer vision and image processing techniques; Markov processes; Natural language processing; Image recognition; Markov processes