Inspec keywords: vein recognition; feature extraction; image recognition; biometrics (access control)

Other keywords: low-cost biometric recognition system; NIR palm vein image; high security; liveness detection; authors; palm vein capture devices; 1500 palm vein images; practical palm vein recognition system; complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor camera; NIR charge-coupled device camera; (NIR) palm vein image; recognition accuracy; discriminate palm vein features; capture device

Subjects: Computer vision and image processing techniques; Optical, image and video signal processing; Image recognition; Image sensors